If you’re a videographer or photographer always looking for new ways to capture better images, then you’ve probably wondered about the different types of camera lenses.

This article will be about different types of lenses that are available to capture the best pictures while you’re traveling.

Images are worth a thousand words, and these images can help you share your experience with others who may not have been able to get there themselves.

If you’re in the market for some new lenses, this guide will give you a list of what gear we think is essential for travel photography.



What Are Types of Camera Lenses?

The camera lens is a vital part of the photographic process. The primary function of the lens is to focus light onto the image sensor or film.

Camera lenses are classified by their focal length and maximum aperture, which affect exposure time, depth-of-field, and cost.

Lenses with short focal lengths allow for more detail in objects both near to and far from the camera; long focal lengths have less optical power, but generally offer greater shallow depth-of-field (blurring the background) than wide angles.



There are many factors to consider when buying new gear, but these lenses have been tried and tested by professional photographers who travel often and can’t afford to be without them.

It’s not about how good they look or even how expensive they are: it’s about practicality, versatility, size/weight, and quality.

You may be considering renting or borrowing lenses from your local camera store but this is not always an option. In order to get great shots while traveling, it is important that you find the right lens to use in different situations.

Whether it’s a telephoto zoom lens or wide-angle prime lens, there is something out there for everyone!

The Phoblographer has a great infographic of Canon lenses and their uses:

Camera Lenses

Lenses For Travel Photography

Are you planning on traveling soon? If so, then you need to know about the best lens for travel photography. It can be difficult to pack light and still have a wide variety of lenses that are needed for different situations.

What do you think is the best lens for travel photography? Do you prefer zoom or prime lenses? What kind of camera do you use when traveling?

Lenses For Landscapes

One way to capture these images is with lenses for landscapes. These lenses are designed specifically to provide wide-angle views and long focal lengths, which help you capture more details in your photos without moving closer to the subject.

Landscape photographers use this advantage to create dramatic, panoramic scenes with multiple points of interest on one side of the frame.


Landscape photography can be done by amateurs or professionals; however, using a lens for landscape photography will give you better results if it’s something you want to do professionally.

The lens you use to take a landscape photo will not affect the quality of your image, but it can make taking shots more difficult if you don’t have one that’s suited for long distances.

A wide-angle lens is perfect for capturing everything around you in one shot, including big sky and mountains or trees with leaves on them that frame your subject.

On the other side of the spectrum, a telephoto lens is great for zooming in on details like rocks and flowers while still keeping context from nearby features.

Lenses For Sports And Wildlife

Lenses for sports and wildlife photography allow you to capture the action of your subject in a way that would not be possible with other lenses or by simply zooming in on the lens.

Best Camera Lens Brands: Canon, Nikon, Sony, Tamron

If you want to capture your favorite sporting events or wildlife, the best camera lens for that is a telephoto zoom.

A telephoto zoom offers more versatility than the other two lenses discussed because it can be used to photograph anything from far away objects all the way up close.

The downside is that with less light coming in, images captured by a telephoto zoom will often come out blurry if they’re not timed right.

Camera Lenses

Lenses For Portraits

Lenses specifically made for portraits create a more flattering image, have a wider aperture which leads to a shallower depth of field and softer bokeh (background blur).

This creates an airy, soft look that some photographers love. The downside is the increased cost with these specialty lenses, but they are worth it if you’re looking for something different!

Lenses can make a big difference in how your portraits look. For example, if you are shooting with a 50mm lens, the person will appear much closer to the camera than someone who is shot at 200mm. This means that details like wrinkles and pores will be more visible on the face of someone who is photographed up close.


If you want to capture these details for an older subject, it might be best to use a longer lens so they aren’t as noticeable.

The most common type of portrait lenses used today is zoom lenses which offer flexibility when composing shots and help create flattering perspectives by changing the angle of view from wide-angle (very short focal length) to telephoto (long focal length).

Lenses For Astrophotography

The more expensive the lens, typically the better quality it will produce. But there are plenty of other factors to consider when choosing what lens to use.

If you’re looking for something affordable and yet still high quality then a wide-angle zoom should work well for your needs!

For those with a DSLR or mirrorless camera, I recommend that they get a lens kit that includes two wide-angle prime lenses – one for fast aperture (f/2) and one for low aperture (f/4).

This will give them both an option depending on how much light there is at night.

Lenses For Close-Ups And Nature

Canon EF 100mm f/2.8 L IS USM Macro Lens is one of my favorite lenses. This lens is a great choice because it’s lightweight and compact; perfect for walking around nature in search of interesting subjects.

It has a fast aperture which means you can shoot in low light conditions without adjusting your shutter speed or ISO too much, plus the macro capabilities make it easy to capture small details such as the beautiful.


Trying to get the perfect shot of a beautiful flower? Trying to capture that amazing view from your window? Have you been looking for the right lens for those up-close shots or zoomed-in images?

Lenses For Vlogging

Zoom lenses allow you to change the focal length while filming, which is helpful if you want to get closer or further away from something without having to move the camera (such as a scene where your subject is walking towards or away from you).

Prime lenses have one focal length, so they’re good for scenes that don’t require changing the distance between yourself and what’s in front of your camera.

Through the use of lenses, filmmakers and vloggers can better control their shots. There are many types of lenses to choose from based on what you need for your film or video project.

Filmmakers use various lenses to capture the perfect shots while vloggers can use wide angles or fisheye lens to create a more personal connection with their viewers.

Zoom Lenses vs. Prime Lenses

Prime lenses give you sharper images at the expense of having less zoom range.

Zoom lenses have a more even amount of both optical qualities, making them better for capturing landscapes or other scenes from afar that require zooming in on specific details.

In the world of photography, there are two main types of lenses: zoom and prime. Zoom lenses allow you to take pictures from a distance without having to move closer or farther away.

Zoom lenses offer the ability to zoom in on subjects from far away or get close-up shots without changing your position.

They provide great depth-of-field, which makes them best for portraits and landscapes.

Prime lenses give you more control over how much light enters your camera and can create sharper images with less distortion.

Prime lenses offer a cleaner image but they only have one focal length, while zoom lenses allow the user to adjust the focal length for different scenarios.

Standard Or ‘Kit’ Lenses

There are two types of lenses, standard or kit lenses, and professional-grade lenses. Professional grade lenses produce clearer images with less distortion than standard or kit lenses because they have better quality glass that can resolve more detail.

These higher-quality optics also deliver sharper images across the frame in comparison to cheaper ones which often suffer from softness at large apertures where even distant objects appear blurry due to optical limitations caused by cheap glass.

Many photographers are surprised to learn that the camera they purchase is not only limited by what they can see through the viewfinder, but also by what they have access to in terms of lenses.

Standard lenses offer a wide range of focal lengths which means you can get close-up shots or take photos from afar without too much trouble.

Kit lenses, on the other hand, typically come with 18-55mm zoom capabilities and lack some more advanced features like autofocus technology.

Choosing between a standard lens and a ‘kit’ lens depends on what you are looking for in your photography.

If you are only interested in casual photography, the kit lens can be an affordable option that will work well enough. However, if you have more experience or want to take pictures with higher quality results, it is better to spend more money upfront so that you do not have regrets later.

The downside to standard lenses is that they can be too heavy for people who need their glasses just for reading or computer use.

‘Kit’ lenses are lighter weight than standard lenses because they don’t have the same degree of prescription as a typical pair of glasses.


Kit lenses work best when you only need your glasses sporadically, such as when driving or watching TV.

Common Camera Lens Features

A common feature of most lenses is that they allow users to switch between different focal lengths.

f you’re shopping around for a new camera lens, make sure you keep these features in mind! Most lenses have a feature where the photographer can change the focal length – meaning they can zoom in or out without moving from the spot.

That’s really handy if you’re trying not to disturb your subject with all your movement as well!


The size of the hole lets light into a camera’s sensor, which can be adjusted to control exposure time.

Focal Length

The distance from the focal point in front of a camera lens to the plane at which parallel rays of light converge after passing through it – measured in millimeters (mm).

Lens Type

This is a classification system for lenses based on their optical characteristics, including focal length, maximum aperture opening, angle of view, and other factors.

Macro Lens

A type of photographic lens with an extreme close-up capability often used by photographers

Understanding A Camera Lens Name

So you think the camera lens is just a bunch of numbers? Nope! Understanding what those letters and numbers mean can be an important step in getting the perfect shot.

The first thing to understand about your lens is its focal length, which will tell you how close or far away from your subject it will be able to focus.

A 50mm lens, for example, would allow you to take photos at arm’s length while a 200mm lens would have trouble focusing on anything closer than 5 feet away.


The first category is wide-angle lenses. These are typically used by landscape photographers as well as portrait photographers because they capture more in the frame than any other type.

They have a large depth-of-field which means everything from near to far is sharp with minimal distortion at the edges.

The downside to this style of lens is that it can distort features such as noses or make them look too big if taken up close with your subject’s face. A standard focal length for most cameras would be 50mm on a full-frame.

Whether you are a novice photographer or an expert in the field, it is imperative to know what types of lens your device can support before purchasing one.

For example:

The Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 II has a fixed focal length of 50mm, which is great for portraits and low-light photography.

This lens also has an aperture of 1.8, so it can capture more light than other lenses with a wider aperture like 2 or 4.

More Camera Lens Features

Do you know the difference between a wide-angle lens and a telephoto lens? What about an ultra-wide-angle and macro lens, or even fisheye lenses?

We’re going to cover different types of camera lenses that are perfect for your next photography session.

A wide-angle lens will capture images with more width than height, which is great if you want to include as much of the scene as possible in your shot.

A telephoto lens has just the opposite effect: it captures images with considerably less width than height, making everything seem closer together and giving subjects a sense of depth through perspective.

Do you know what the aperture is? It’s a camera lens feature. If you don’t, then today is your lucky day because we are going to cover all of the important features that come with a camera lens.

Some call it an opening in the lens while others refer to it as the diaphragm.

The most common size for this little guy is F-stop, which can be adjusted on some cameras by turning a dial or moving a slider bar on the LCD screen.

If you love photography, then chances are that you have been using a camera lens for some time now.

They come in many different types and sizes, but they all serve the same purpose.

Today we will be discussing what those purposes are and how to find the right one for your needs.

Types Of Camera Lenses

There are many different types of lenses, and each one has its own purposes. The following is a list of the most common lens types that you can find: wide-angle, telephoto zoom, superzoom (ultra-wide to ultra-long), macro (close up), fish-eye, and prime.


For example, a wide-angle lens will allow you to capture more of the scene in front of you without having to move closer or zoom in as much.

A telephoto lens will help you take pictures from far away and get closeups that would be impossible with any other type of lens.

Different lenses are created for different purposes, specific types of photography such as portrait photography or landscape photography. Lenses can also be categorized by their focal length which determines how much detail will be in the foreground and background of your photo.

The type of lens called an ‘optical zoom’ is typically used in conjunction with digital zoom to provide greater focal lengths without sacrificing image quality or resolution.

It’s also handy for zooming in close up while still maintaining a clear picture. The second type of lens is called a fixed-focus lens, which does not have any magnification ability at all but offers other benefits that make it worth considering as well.

Wide Angle Lenses

Wide-angle lenses are a great way to get close to your subject, while still including the environment.

If you’re shooting a product shot or portrait of someone, then these lenses are not ideal as the distortion caused by their perspective will make the image look unnatural and unflattering (unless it’s on purpose).

Wide-angle lenses have an extreme field of view which is why they’re perfect for capturing landscapes and buildings; however, this means that everything is cropped very closely together at the edges of the frame which can be unflattering if photographing people or products.

You’ll also want to use your widest aperture setting (smallest number). This will give you optimum image quality while still keeping everything sharp enough because of its narrow depth.

Photography is all about capturing the moment. With a wide-angle lens, you can get more of that moment with a single frame than you could ever hope to see with your eyes.

The perspective makes it seem as though there’s nothing outside what’s in the shot, so if anything changes too much during the shoot, you’ll be out of luck. But don’t let that scare you away from trying this technique! It might just be exactly what your next project needs!

Wide-angle lenses are designed for capturing a wider field of view. They can be used to take photos with striking, powerful perspectives that will capture the attention of viewers as they explore your work.

Where a standard lens is sharp and clear, wide-angle lenses have an added element of distortion, often creating sweeping vistas and dramatic effects in photographs.

This makes them perfect for landscapes, architecture, or any other type of shot where you want the viewer to feel like they’re right there on location exploring everything around them.

When using these types of lenses it’s important to keep in mind how close you are to your subject matter – though all wide angles have their fair share of distortion when shooting from too far away, some are more forgiving than others.

Ultra-Wide Lenses

Ultra-wide lenses are an excellent choice for landscape photographers, architecture photographers, and interior design enthusiasts. These lenses offer a wider field of view than your typical lens that is on the market today.

One type of lens that is great for landscapes is ultra-wide-angle lenses – they allow you to capture more of the background than other types of lenses, giving you an awe-inspiring view.

Ultra-wide lenses are an excellent way to get a wider field of view from your camera. These lenses offer not only the ability to capture more information, but also allow you to be creative in how you frame your images.

They also create a unique effect on your photos, making them seem almost unreal or like you’re looking at the world through someone else’s eyes.

The best part about ultra-wide lenses? You can take pictures without moving your feet!

Telephoto Lenses

Telephoto lenses are a specialized type of lens that has been designed to create images with an exaggerated perspective. This is often useful for photographers who need to capture details from far away, or for those who want their photos to have a more dramatic effect.

TelePhotography is the art of capturing nature as it moves through time and space – freezing moments in our natural world that speak volumes about the passage of life on Earth.

Some telephoto lenses can reach up to 800mm in focal length which makes a telephoto lens excellent for shooting from afar. They have an even narrower angle of view than the standard wide-angle lenses, and they allow you to get more detail in your photos.

The tradeoff, however, is that because these lenses magnify the object so much, they also make it appear smaller.

This means if you don’t have enough space on your camera sensor or film plane (or digital image sensor), then there will be parts of the photo where there’s nothing but black empty space around what’s supposed to be in focus.

They can be made of glass, plastic, or digital material and have a focal length that is at least 100mm.

Zoom Lenses

There are many different types of zoom lenses, but they all have one thing in common: the ability to magnify or reduce the size of an object.

Zoom lenses are a type of lens that can be used to magnify the subject. There are two types, fixed-focal-length, and variable focal length.

Fixed-focal length lenses have a specific range or zoom point which is built into the lens for convenience while shooting subjects from far away. Variable focal lengths can be adjusted by the photographer throughout their shooting session and typically offer more flexibility with how close or far you want to shoot your subject matter.

Zoom lenses are a type of lens that has an adjustable focal length. They are great for capturing images with more detail and clarity.

There is a wide range of zoom lenses available, from telephoto to superzoom. Some zooms have the same focal length throughout the entire lens, while others offer variable focal lengths in different ranges.

Zoom lenses come in two types: prime or zoom-lens combination. Prime zooms do not change their magnification throughout the zoom range, while combo zoos allow you to adjust your magnification as needed at any point during your shoot (i.e., going from macro to landscape).

Macro Lenses

A macro lens is a type of lens that allows you to take close-up photos. They are called “macro” lenses because they have the ability to magnify small objects on film, just like a microscope does with tiny things under a petri dish.

Macro lenses can be great for taking interesting pictures of insects or flowers without having to get too close and disturb them.

A macro lens can take pictures in focus from as close as 1 inch and all the way out to infinity, giving you the flexibility to get up-close shots of anything from flowers to faraway mountains.

Macro lenses are great for taking pictures of things like insects, plants, or other small items because they allow you to zoom in on these subjects without getting too close.