Photography has come a long way since the invention of the camera in the 19th century.

With the advent of digital technology, the possibilities for creative expression have expanded exponentially.

One such technique that has gained popularity among photographers is multiple exposure.

In this article, we will explore the concept of multiple exposure, its various techniques, tips for achieving great results, and some inspiring examples.

What Is Multiple Exposure?

Multiple exposure is a photographic technique that involves superimposing two or more images on top of each other.

This can be done either in-camera or through post-processing software.

The result is a single image that blends the different elements of the original images into a unique and creative composition.

In-camera multiple exposure involves exposing the same frame of film or sensor multiple times, while post-processing multiple exposure involves combining several images in software such as Adobe Photoshop.

Both techniques have their own unique advantages and disadvantages.

Techniques for Multiple Exposure

There are several techniques for multiple exposure, each with its own distinct effect on the final image.

Here are some of the most popular techniques:


This technique involves superimposing one image on top of another with varying degrees of transparency.

This creates a dreamy, ethereal effect and is often used in portrait photography.

Double Exposure:

This technique involves exposing the same frame of film or sensor twice, creating a ghostly image that blends the two exposures.

This technique works best with high contrast images.

Multiple Exposure:

This technique involves exposing the same frame of film or sensor multiple times, creating a layered effect.

This technique can produce abstract, painterly images.


This technique involves sandwiching two or more negatives together in the enlarger to create a single image.

This technique was popular in the pre-digital era and is still used by some photographers today.

Tips for Achieving Great Results

Multiple exposure can produce stunning images, but it requires some practice and experimentation to get right.

Here are some tips for achieving great results

Plan your composition:

Before you start shooting, visualize the final image and plan the composition accordingly.

Think about the elements you want to include and how they will blend together.

Control your exposure:

When shooting in-camera multiple exposure, make sure to control your exposure and avoid overexposing or underexposing your images.

Use a tripod to keep your camera steady and ensure that your images line up perfectly.

Experiment with different techniques:

Try out different techniques and see which one works best for your intended effect.

Overlay, double exposure, multiple exposure, and sandwiching all produce different results.

Use high contrast images:

High contrast images work best for multiple exposure, as they create a clear separation between the different elements of the composition.

Examples of Multiple Exposure

Here are some examples of multiple exposure images to inspire your own creativity:


This image by photographer Daria Khoroshavina features a dreamy overlay of a portrait and a landscape.

The transparent layers create a surreal and romantic effect.

Double Exposure:

This image by photographer Pia Riverola features a double exposure of a model and a cityscape.

The ghostly effect creates a sense of mystery and intrigue.


Multiple Exposure:

This image by photographer Chiara Fersini features a layered multiple exposure of a forest and a model.

The abstract and painterly effect creates a sense of mystery and whimsy.


This image by photographer Jerry Uelsmann features a sandwiched image of a tree and a cityscape.

The surreal and fantastical effect creates a sense of wonder and imagination.

Multiple Exposure In Photography – Summary

Multiple exposure is a versatile and creative technique that can produce stunning and unique images.

Whether you prefer in-camera multiple exposure or post-processing software, there are many techniques to experiment with and endless possibilities for creative expression.

Remember to plan your composition, control your exposure, and experiment with different techniques to achieve great results.