Cel animation is a process that involves the use of cel animation software. It is a way to create films, television shows and video games.

This type of animation is often used in commercials and other forms of advertising, as well as in feature films.

Cel animation is a type of computer-generated imagery (CGI) that uses hand-drawn images instead of live actors.

A cel is a piece of paper with painted artwork on it. The computer animator uses this image to create an animated film.


What Is Cel Animation

What Is Cel Animation?

Cel animation is an animation technique that uses hand-painted images called cels to create a series of static frames.

These frames are photographed one at a time, to create the illusion of movement when played back at 24 frames per second. The cels are often made from transparent materials such as cellulose acetate and/or gelatin, but some modern productions use digital files.

In the early days of cel animation, most animators used cels because they were, in a sense, cheaper than live action film.

Today, almost all cartoons are created using computers, but there are still many animators who prefer to work with cels.

For example, Studio Ghibli is famous for its use of traditional methods in its films such as Kiki’s Delivery Service (1989) and Princess Mononoke (1997).



Cel animation was first developed in the early 1900s when filmmakers wanted to make films without using live actors or models. In order for these films to be made, they needed to find another way to animate their characters without relying on actual people or creatures for their scenes.

Cel animation was born out of necessity, but it has become one of the most popular forms of CGI today because it offers so much flexibility for both creators and viewers alike when it comes time for production on future projects.

Cel Animation Characteristics

 Cel animation is the process of creating characters using a computer. You can create your own characters using a program like Maya or Blender, or you can use an existing character.

The most common type of cel animation is 2D (also known as “flat”) animation, which includes 3D cel animation and 2D hand-drawn cel animation.

2D Animation: The most common type of 2D animation is hand-drawn cel animation. This type of cel animation uses cels to represent the characters and backgrounds in a scene, rather than drawing everything from scratch.

3DFX Animation: 3DFX is another type of 2D animation that uses traditional paper cels combined with computerized software to create 3D models for use in animated films, television programs and commercials.

In this type of cel animation, there is no need for 3D models because all parts are drawn on paper. For example, if you were animating a car driving through a city street, you would draw each individual part on paper (e.g., tires, windows) and combine all the parts into one single image that represents the entire car. Then, using 3DFX software

When Was Cel Animation Invented

 The story of cel animation begins in the first decade of the 20th century, when Max Fleischer developed a line of cartoons that featured animated characters performing live action scenes. The Fleischer brothers developed a system called “in-betweening” that allowed animators to move an individual frame from one location on a film strip to another without having to re-draw it from scratch.

In the 1930s, Walt Disney began using this technique for Mickey Mouse (1928), and other characters he created for his studio began moving onscreen.

Disney’s success inspired other animators to add their own stylistic touches to cel animation, such as rotoscoping, which involved tracing over live action footage with animation cels. To make this process easier, Disney hired Ward Kimball to film all of his shorts with live actors, even if they didn’t appear in them.

The Golden Age Of Cel Animation

The Golden Age of cel animation is the era between the mid-1940s and mid-1960s, when anime (Japanese animation) was produced using hand-drawn cels. Cels were painted by hand on clear glass and were then photographed to create the animated images.

The golden age of cel animation lasted until the introduction of computer graphics with the release of Star Wars in 1977. The original Star Wars film was made using traditional animation techniques and featured characters who moved in a way that would have been impossible with real actors.

However, it was not until 1987’s The Secret of NIMH that computer technology was used to animate characters realistically enough to be believable. Until then, however, all animated films had to rely on traditional techniques and actors who could move their bodies like real people do.

For years, animation studios required their animators to learn how to draw from life before they could begin working on animated films. This meant that most animators had to spend years studying art in order for them to be able to draw realistic human figures for their films.

In fact, many animators went through a period where they studied art so much that they became artists themselves rather than just being

The History Of Cel Animation

Cel animation has been around as long as cartoons have, but it didn’t start out with the same capabilities as today’s digital animation. In fact, cel animation was originally created for live-action movies in the early days of cinema.

The movies were hand-drawn and then used to create cels that would be photographed in black and white. These cels were then used to produce animated cartoons.

The first major breakthrough in cel animation came when Walt Disney was working on Snow White in 1937. He needed to animate a scene where Snow White and her Prince Charming are riding on a ship with dwarves on board. Even though it wasn’t a complex shot, he decided to try using cels instead of drawing each frame by hand.

This change made animating much easier since he only had to draw one frame at a time instead of twenty or thirty frames per second (fps).

Disney went on to use cels for many of his other animated films including Cinderella, Pinocchio, Fantasia, Dumbo and Bambi. By 1949 Disney studios had perfected their technique for creating cel animation so that it could be used for live action too!

When Did Cel Animation Start

 The oldest known cel animation is the animated film “L’homme et l’enfant” (1951), which was produced in France by Jean Dauberval and Lucien Vogel. The film was shot by photographers who had been trained as animators. The result was a hybrid of live-action and traditional animation, with no attempt at an overall continuity of movement from one image to another.

It was not until the 1960s that cel animation began to be used in serious projects.

Cels were first used for animated cartoons in the 1930s, but these were limited to a few seconds of each minute or less of actual animation. In the 1950s, Walt Disney introduced full-length animated films that were shot on cels rather than drawn on paper with pencils or pens. In 1957, Disney released “Sleeping Beauty” (1957). This film went beyond stop-motion animation to cel animation, using more than five hundred individual cels instead of the usual hundreds or even thousands used before then.

In its early days, cel animation was sometimes called “rubber sheet” because it was done on sheets of sticky plastic instead of paper cels which could be torn easily during production

Cel Animation In Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs

 Walt Disney Studios is an American film production company. It was founded by Walt Disney and Roy Disney in 1923. The studio is now known as the House of Mouse, which is a subsidiary of the Walt Disney Company.

The first short film created by Walt Disney was lost. After his death, he was able to produce another short film called Alice’s Wonderland in which he used animation to create characters like Alice and the Cheshire Cat.

This was followed by Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, which was released in 1937 and starred Snow White (1937), who became one of the most well-known characters in animation history.


The film was originally intended to be a silent feature but after seeing its success on Broadway, Disney decided to add sound effects and dialogue so that audiences could understand what was happening on screen. However, this resulted in many changes such as re-recording voices for some characters and using multiple actors to play two or more parts at once.

Cel Animation vs Digital Animation

 There are a lot of terms used in the animation world. Some of them can be confusing and can cause some confusion to people who don’t understand what they mean.

So let’s take a look at two of these terms: cel animation and digital animation.

Cel Animation

Cel animation is the art form where an artist draws on paper or other media, then transfers that image onto cels (celluloid strips) which are then cut and placed into a projector. The cels are photographed from behind the screen so that when you view it on screen, the background is blended with the characters and objects being animated.

Digital Animation

Digital animation is where the images are created by computers rather than drawn on paper or other media by hand. This process is known as key frame animation and is done by taking still frames from video files and adding them together frame by frame to create a sequence of movement that is played out as one continuous piece of film.

Cel Animation In The Digital Age

Cel animation is a form of animation that uses traditional clay or plastic cel animation. This type of animation was used in the past, but it has been replaced by digital animation which has advantages over cel animation.

The main advantage of digital animation is that it can be created without human interference and it can be reused as many times as necessary. This makes it possible for animators to work at a faster pace than with traditional hand drawn animation, and allows them to create more complex scenes than could be done with cel animation.

Traditional cel animation involves drawing each frame by hand. Each frame must be drawn separately and then assembled into a sequence of images called an “animation.” In contrast, digital animation involves using computers to generate images instead of drawing them by hand.

Digital artists use software programs like Adobe Photoshop or Autodesk Maya to create vector graphics (pictures composed of lines instead of pixels). Vector graphics are easier than raster images (pixels), which were used previously in 2D computer graphics programs such as Adobe Illustrator or Corel Draw.

Raster graphics are much more difficult because they require pixel-by-pixel manipulation rather than line-by-line manipulation

What Are Some Cel Animation Examples

 Cel animation is the process of animating graphics and other visual media using photos or drawings. The term derives from a combination of cel, for “cell,” and animation, for “the art of moving pictures.”

Cel animation is commonly used to create commercials, television program openings, animated movies and other multimedia applications. A cel consists of a transparent sheet of acetate overlaid on top of a background matte painted with a grid pattern.

The cel is then photographed through a camera lens that captures the image as lines on the transparent acetate sheet. These lines are then drawn onto paper using brushes or pens.

After processing by a computer and printing out on special film stock, the resulting images are transferred to cel animation film strips which are then inserted into animation machines that create the final result.

What Is Cel Animation – Wrapping Up

 Cel animation is the process of making animated films using cel drawings and drawings on paper. These are used to make the characters move in different ways, express emotions and make them interact with each other.

The process of creating a cel is quite simple. The artist starts with a pencil drawing, which can be made on paper or digitally. The artist then scans the drawing into their computer and adds some layers of color to it before exporting it as an image file.

This image file is then sent to a software developer who will convert it into a program that can be animated with computer graphics software such as Adobe Flash or Adobe After Effects.

Cel animation has become very popular over the years because it allows artists to create realistic-looking films without having to worry about expensive equipment or complicated processes like 3D animation.