A shot list is a blueprint for what should be filmed and when it should be filmed. It’s an essential part of the filmmaking process that helps you visualize exactly how you want to capture each scene and sequence in your film.
A shot list is a document used during the pre-production phase of filmmaking to note all the necessary shots that must be obtained throughout principal photography.
A shot list is an important tool for planning your film and communicating with your team before production commences.
It’s a valuable resource to use when you’re mapping out the visual arc of your story and deciding how you want to direct the audience’s attention.
shot list abbreviations
What Are shot list abbreviations?
In filmmaking, a shot list is a kind of checklist for each scene, listing the types of shots needed to complete that scene.
This list is prepared before shooting begins, and helps the director remember what kinds of shots he or she wants to get during filming.
Shot lists are most commonly used on film sets, so they’re usually created by directors, assistant directors, and cinematographers.
They can also be used by videographers, photographers, or anyone else planning a shoot.
A shot list can be as simple as a few bullet points or as detailed as a complete schematic map of specific shots that must be captured on set.
What Are Shot Lists?
A shot list is a list of shots that you want to get during the course of a filming day.
It varies in length depending on the client, the situation, and your own creative aspirations.
A shot list can change between one session and another, but if it does, it should only be minor changes from what you had originally created.
A shot list doesn’t have to be long or detailed, but it’s important that you create one before every shoot so you can stay on track throughout the session.
The purpose of a shot list is to help keep you focused on the things that will accomplish your purpose for shooting the images.
This can be as simple as creating a lookbook or mood board for your client or as complex as creating an entire workflow, including wireframes and beyond.
You might use an app like Evernote or Trello to create your shot lists, depending on how involved they need to be.
The shot list is a critical component to good production. It is a list of the shots that need to be captured during a production day.
The shot list is usually created by the 1st AD and then further refined by the Director before filming begins.
The breakdown of each shot should include the following:
- The scene number.
- What lens, camera angle, and set up will be used.
- Who will be in the shot (Actors, extras, and/or stand ins).
- What props are needed (For example: Chairs x2, musket balls).
- What Set dressing is needed (For example: Trees).
- How many camera angles will be used (For example: Long master, close ups x2).
Each element on the Shot List should have its own abbreviation so that it can be easily communicated.
Here are some common abbreviations for a Shot List:
- AC – Assistant Camera Operator (Stands behind camera).
- AD – Production Assistant or Assistant Director.
- AE – Key Grip or Best Boy Electric.
- BG – Back Ground Actor or Background Action (ie stunts)BOOM – Sound/Video Operator who operates the boom mic on set.
What Are Shot List Abbreviations?
The shot list is a critical part of the pre-production process. It’s the blueprint for the final shoot, which will result in deliverables such as castings, location scouting and crew call times.
Shot lists are often written down, but they can also be stored digitally. The key parts of a shot list are:Scene – this includes the scene title and other brief details about what happens in that scene.
Action – this is the description of what happens and when it happens
Angles/Camera – this is where you specify what camera angle and what size lens you want to use.
Shot number – each shot needs to have its own unique identifier, which is best done with a simple numbering systemAdditional notes about the shot – any additional information you want to add about the scene can easily be included hereShot list abbreviations are an industry standard and understanding what they mean will help you to better understand your shooting schedule.
Takes – The number of times the talent is expected to repeat the action. This doesn’t include setups, just actions.
Setup(s): – The time required to set up equipment and lights for the particular shot before shooting can start.Locations: The locations needed for the particular shot.
What Are Shot Sizes
What are shot sizes? Before we get into the meat of the article, let’s talk about what shot sizes are. Shot sizes are the different sizes that a camera can take depending on the lens you use.
There are a few different shot sizes but most commonly you will hear about full frame, APS-C, and Four Thirds. Let’s start with full frame.
Full frame is a 35mm sensor which means that it’s a little larger than an APS-C sensor, but not as large as a Four Thirds sensor.Shot Sizes: Full Frame – 35mm FilmFull frame sensors were once only available in high-end DSLRs like the Canon EOS 5D Mark II and Nikon D700.
Now, thanks to mirrorless cameras like the Sony A7R II and Olympus OMD EM1 II, you can get them in smaller bodies too. Full frame sensors offer the highest levels of image quality with the least amount of crop factor. A full frame sensor is approximately 1.0x bigger than an APS-C sized sensor.
So now you’re probably thinking what does all this mean for me? It means that if you have a full frame camera like the 5D Mark III or Sony A7R II or even
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A CU: Close-up
A CU is a close-up shot. Typically, it shows the front of an object, or the face of a person.
This shot is usually used when the photographer wants to highlight a particular detail of the subject or show its size in relation to other objects. A CU is also called a “head shot”, as it often only shows part of the face and shoulders.
Taken from Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Close_up_(filmmaking)Portrait photographers will use CU’s to focus on their subject’s eyes, mouth, or nose in order to get more striking photo. In portraiture, a CU is often used so that a person can be photographed with a high degree of realism and complexity.
When photographing people, you will often take several photos at different distances, angles, and poses to capture different views of your subject’s face. These are then composited together in post-processing to form one complete picture.
Using this technique, you can remove distracting elements from your background while emphasizing your subject’s facial features and creating an image that looks very natural and lifelike
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A MCU: Medium Close-up
What kind of film shot is a MCU: Medium Close-up?
A medium close-up is one of the four basic types of shots that are frequently used in movies, TV shows and commercials. A medium close-up is also called a mid-shot.
Here’s a list of film shots: Extreme Long Shot (ELS) – Also known as “God Shot”, “Extreme Long Shot” means that all the action on screen is visible, but the characters appear small and distant. A long shot usually features the entire cast and most of the location where the scene takes place.
Long Shot (LS) – It means that the subject can be seen clearly in the frame, but it takes up only a small part of it.Mid Shot (MS) – It’s not very common in filmmaking, since it doesn’t show neither the subject nor his whole environment.
The term “Mid Shot” is often used to describe a shot featuring an actor from his waist up to his head.Close Up (CU) – It’s also called “CU”, “Medium Close Up” or simply “Close Up”. It shows only part of a person or thing. Usually, it’s somewhere from the upper chest
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A ECU: Extreme Close-up
Many people don’t understand how to achieve an extreme close-up with their camera. Many people also don’t know what an extreme close up even is.
But it’s really quite simple and it’s a really great way to add interest to your photographs. In this article I’ll explain what an extreme closeup is, how you can achieve them and how you can use them in your own photography to add interest to your images.
It’s important to note that the following tutorial uses one lens and one camera (in this case it’s a Nikon D700 and the 85mm f/1.8G lens). The setup won’t change depending on what camera or lens you’re using, but you will need to adjust some of the settings on your camera depending on your gear.
For example, if you’re using a 50mm f/1.8 lens and shooting on a Nikon D7000 then you’re going to want to switch everything over to manual focus and manual exposure mode.
How do you change the settings? Well that’s what Part II of this article is for, but for now just know that if you’re using the same gear as me then just follow along with
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A WCU: Wide Close-up
What kind of film shot is a WCU? Wide Close-up.Description:A wide close-up shot is a camera angle in which the subject occupies roughly the same amount of space on the film or movie screen as it would in reality.
A classic example is the shot of someone’s face filling the screen, as in Alfred Hitchcock’s North by Northwest. The camera is placed close to the subject, who fills much of the frame, and it is pointed at a wide angle.
Directors and cinematographers often choose this angle because it makes a small object look larger than life. For example, a child looking up at an adult may appear more intimidating and threatening when shown within this angle.
A wide close-up can also be used to create tension or stress by focusing on the subject’s face and reacting to something (or someone) invisible to the audience.This shot was first popularized by D.W. Griffith’s silent film The Birth of a Nation (1915), which features several scenes filmed from this perspective.
It was used extensively throughout Hollywood’s classical era, including in Citizen Kane (1941) and The Searchers (1956). An early use of this technique in television was during the climactic fight scene between Kirk and Spock
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A MS: Medium Shot
A medium shot is a kind of film shot that shows the subject from the waist up. The head, shoulders and upper part of the chest are included in the shot.
A medium shot can be compared to a close up where the face is visible but not the whole body.Taken straight on, a medium shot will capture a person’s entire torso and their head turned or facing slightly to one side.
It is also called a full-body shot or a three-quarter shot. This film shot is used in many films, television shows and music videos as it is considered to be versatile and visually interesting as it allows you to see both the subject’s body language and facial expression at once.*
A lot of times though, when photographers talk about a medium shot they are referring to a medium close up which is another name for half body shot. A medium close up is exactly like it sounds; it shows a person from about the waist up and gives you enough room to see what they’re doing with their hands or what they’re wearing without letting them take over the picture.*
A medium shot can also be described as being around 70mm** from your subject which will land somewhere between their chin and just past their eyes if they are standing up straight. In order for
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A CS: Cowboy Shot
A Cowboy Shot is a kind of film shot that is rarely used by cinematographers anymore. It’s a shot where the camera is placed far away from the subject and zoomed in so that both the subject and the background are in focus.This causes a lot of unnecessary distortion, but it can be used as an effect for certain shots.TECHNICAL DETAILS:
A Cowboy Shot is also known as a “Wide Shot”, “Long Shot”, “Long-distance Shot” or simply “Wide”. It’s common to use this type of shot in movies, TV shows and video games.
A Cowboy Shot is often used to establish a setting, such as showing the entire scene or environment where an event will take place later on in the story.But remember, a Cowboy Shot isn’t always necessary to show a setting; there are many other ways to do it.
Using a wide shot could distract your audience from what’s important and make your plot confusing.When making your movie, think about what you want your audience to notice during a scene.
Would the Cowboy Shot be more appropriate than another camera angle? Only you can decide; there are no “rules” when it comes to filmmaking. Your own creativity is more important than any technique._
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A MCS: Medium Close Shot
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A MCS: Medium Close Shot A medium close-up shot is a type of shot where the subject is filmed from the upper chest or neck up. This type of shot can be used in interviews or as a transitional shot between longer shots.
Description:A medium close up shot is typically filmed from the waist up, but unlike a head and shoulders shot it does not include the head.Practical applications:The medium close up is also frequently used in sequence with other shots such as a two shot, three shot, and over the shoulder shots to create variety, dynamic and interest.
It can be used to frame another actor or object that may otherwise not be seen in wider shots.Shot Length: Medium Close Up Shots in Film and Television
In film and television, this type of shot is generally used for short periods of time ranging from 10 to 30 seconds as it has limited use after that length of time. The least amount of time that you should shoot any particular medium close up shot is 10 seconds because it will make the audience feel uncomfortable after that amount of time.
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A WS: Wide Shot
A wide shot, is a shot that has a very wide angle, usually achieved by moving the camera back from the subject.It is used to establish the setting of the film.
As in films such as The Godfather, Goodfellas and There Will Be Blood, these shots can be used to show the whole setting of a scene, including the characters’ positions within it. Wide shots are often held for longer periods of time than medium or close-up shots and are usually filmed from the best angle for showing off a set or location.
A wide shot is usually an establishing shot (establishing shot). It is also called a full shot or long shot.
The term “shot” means “to film” and refers to how far away the camera is from what it is filming.If a scene takes place in a room and there are two characters talking, then one may use two different shots: one that shows just one character against the wall of the room; and another that shows both characters together (in this case, against the opposite wall).
In both cases, only two shots were needed; yet they produce two very different effects.In technical terms, a wide shot is any camera angle wider than normal on an object or set.
For example, if
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A EWS: Extreme Wide Shot
What is an Extreme Wide Shot? An extreme wide shot (or EWS) is a long shot that shows a lot of the scene. It includes wide views of the landscape as well as any characters and objects within the scene.
The objective of an EWS is to show viewers a wide expanse of space. It is great for establishing shots, especially in films that take place in large areas such as outer space, deserts or forests.
The extreme wide shot allows viewers to see the vastness of the setting in which the story takes place.This type of shot can also be used when the director wants to use the scenery to reflect character emotion.
For example, if you want to show that your main character is feeling lonely and lost in his new surroundings, you might pan over an expansive landscape with few people or buildings visible. This allows you to show how alone your character feels by placing him in a vast world with no one else around.
You can also use this type of shot when you have a lot happening in a scene but don’t have time to show it all at once. Using an extreme wide shot allows you to show most or all of your action without needing multiple shots or edits. You can focus on one specific part of the scene without losing sight
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A FS: Full Shot
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A FS: Full ShotYou’re sitting in a waiting room, or walking into an interview, when your phone rings. It’s the subject of your photo shoot calling to tell you they are running late.
You have enough time to grab a coffee or a sandwich before you need to be there, but what do you do?Telling the subject to just wait around for a few minutes is not fair on them; it’s not their fault that you didn’t have enough time to get there early. You don’t want them to feel like they’re wasting their time either. So what do you do?
I’m going to share with you my most valuable tip for dealing with this scenario. It’s one that I’ve used hundreds of times and it has never let me down.
The answer is simple – ask the person if they can come early and save you some time while you grab a coffee or whatever. Then give them a specific time saying that you will call them at that time and they should be ready to go.
At that point they can leave and do whatever they need to do until then. Then make sure you call them at the right time. When they answer say something like “Hey Mike, I’m just heading
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A MFS: Medium Full Shot
Film is a great platform for finding video inspiration. Whether you’re trying to break out of the shot-on-phone default or just want to learn from the masters, there’s a lot to be learned from the work of other videographers.
Thing is, in film, many shots are named by their placement on the subject: Front Shot, Side Shot, Over The Shoulder and so on. If you’re looking at a clip and wondering what kind of shot it is, try saying it out loud.
The name will often become clear. You can also look up shot types on sites like The Film Collaborative , which has a handy breakdown of standard shots and their variations.
Medium Full Shot A medium full shot is exactly what it sounds like—a medium shot that’s as full as you can make it without cutting off a person’s head or feet. It’s fairly wide—about two heads across—and fairly centered on its subject.
This shot makes it easy for viewers to see a person’s entire body, and helps them connect with his/her presence in your video. Simply moving back from your subject gives you more breathing room without changing the shot type.
This may be more comfortable for your subject, as well; he or she won’t feel so
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A LS: Long Shot
What kind of film shot is a LS: Long Shot?As opposed to a MS (Medium Shot) or an ECU (Extreme Close-Up), when using the LS technique, your camera is focused on a long shot. It is used in filming an object from a distance, and it is often used for surveillance.
Tilt down: From your angle, you can see that the ladybug has landed on the table and is crawling in front of your eyes. This angle allows you to capture more of the scene and to convey a sense of scale to the audience.
The more you want to show, the lower you can tilt your camera down.Tilt up: In this case, you are shooting from above.
It gives the audience a sense of size and height, as well as providing an interesting angle. Tilt up shots are mostly used for birds-eye view shots depicting large spaces like cities. This technique is also used when filming through windows or doors that are at eye level or even below them.
Zoom out: Here, you are focusing on capturing other objects in relation to the object that you are filming first. The important thing to keep in mind here is that when zooming out from your main object, it becomes smaller and less
What Kind Of Film Shot Is A ELS: Extreme Long Shot
The extreme long shot is also known as the wide shot, long shot, or full shot. It shows everything in the scene, including the landscape (for example, if the characters are in a forest) and the sky above.
The wide shot is useful when you want to show more than one character at once.Screenwriters often use this angle to create a sense of distance between two characters.
For example, if one character is sitting on a rock staring at another character who is standing several feet away, the wide shot shows both of them and how much space is between them.
You can also use it to show how small your characters are compared to their surroundings — for instance, if your characters are lost in a huge forest, an extreme long shot can establish that they’re tiny compared to all that greenery. This angle also gives you a good view of where your characters are going — for example, if they’re walking down a street towards the camera, you can see what’s ahead of them.
The extreme long shot works well with medium shots and close-ups because it gives you a complete visual picture of what’s going on. You can combine it with other angles to create more complex shots.
One common example is using an extreme long shot at the beginning of
What Are Shot Types
You’re going to hear a lot of terms thrown around in photography when you’re trying to learn more. One of the most common is “shot type.”
What exactly do they mean? As it turns out, there are quite a few different types of shots, ranging from the everyday to the highly specialized. Here’s a quick overview of some of the more common types of shots that you’ll come across:Landscape: This shot is often used to capture a large expanse. You’ll see plenty of these on postcards or photos taken by tourists who want to send back pictures from their vacations.
Landscapes typically include mountains, valleys, rivers, oceans and other large features in an environment.Portrait: A portrait shot is used for head-and-shoulder shots — unless you’re a much larger than life character or have some other reason for wanting a full-body portrait.
This shot type is perfect for capturing images at parties or other events where you want to feature just one person.Macro: Macro photos are used to capture images as close up as possible, focusing on small details like insects, flowers or other objects that might be too small to see with the naked eye.
These shots can be hard
What Kind Of Film Shot Type Is A LA: Low Angle
Low angle shot refers to the position or angle of the camera. It is also known as high-angle shot.
The camera is placed below the subject, which shoots upward to make the subject look taller.When the camera is too low, it becomes hard for you to shoot an object or a person from its original point of view.
Tilt Shot: If you want to tilt your object, then it is considered a tilt shot.This shot is used when you want to show your viewers a three dimensional object and need more than just a top down or bottom up shot. High-Angle Shot: This type of shot is used when you want to show someone or something in power or importance by making them look taller.
The camera is positioned higher than usual so that it can make objects appear taller and more powerful. Low Angle Shot: This type of shot allows us to shoot an object from its original point of view.
When shooting from this angle, we get an interesting perspective over our subject because we are looking down on it from above. This shot is helpful if you want to give your audience an idea about how tall something actually is like a building, horse rider etcetera.
This article was written by – Aakanksha Singh . She writes
What Kind Of Film Shot Type Is A HA: High Angle
There are several different types of film shots, and each one is used for a specific purpose. In this article, I will focus mainly on the high angle shot. TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
High angle shot is a shot taken from above the subject and lower than the subject’s eye level. This shot is usually taken with a lens that has long focal length, such as 200mm or 300mm.
The lens should be tilted down slightly to achieve the effect. The main benefit of this type of shot is that it can be very dramatic.
Because the camera is pointed above and in front of the subject, it often creates an illusion of power or superiority. Also, if your model is tall and thin, he/she will look even taller and thinner when photographed from above.
The main disadvantage of this type of shot is that it does not work well with short models.It also does not work well with groups of people because it separates them visually (they do not align in vertical space).
USEFUL TIPS: To get an even more powerful image, you can tilt the camera all the way down so your model’s face looks up toward the camera. Another interesting variation on this technique involves shooting from below your subject using a tilt-shift lens (such as Canon
What Kind Of Film Shot Type Is A OTS: Over-the-Shoulder
///What Kind Of Film Shot Type Is A OTS: Over-the-Shoulder///There are a variety of shots and angles that filmmakers use in movies. Some of these shots are pretty common, while others are less so.
Learning the difference can help you better understand a movie you’re watching, or give you ideas for your own filmmaking endeavors.Telling The StoryOTS stands for “Over The Shoulder” and is typically used when two people are having a conversation.
This shot type is mostly used in dialogue scenes. It’s important to note that when using this shot type, the camera should be positioned to show only the shoulder and ear of one character, while including the entire shoulder and ear of the other character who is being spoken to.
This angle can be achieved by placing the camera directly behind one character, with their back facing the camera. While shooting this angle, it’s important to make sure that there is no break in eye contact between the two characters who are speaking with one another.
This shot type makes it very easy for viewers to focus on what the characters are saying, rather than anything else that may be going on within the scene.* The following video gives a great example of how to film an OTS:
What Kind Of Film Shot Type Is A OTH: Over-the-Hip
What Kind Of Film Shot Type Is A OTH: Over-the-Hip A hip shot is a film technique in which the camera is positioned low and on the side of the subject. Trying to figure out what kind of shot you want can be frustrating, however, since it depends on the type of film.
For example, if you’re using a 16mm handheld camera you’ll want to position your subject at about waist level for a tight shot, but move them down to about thigh level for a more dramatic perspective.On the other hand, if you’re using 35mm film and a tripod then you’ll want to position your subject at about eye level for a normal shot, or go higher for a high angle shot.
The same holds true for medium format film cameras.But no matter what kind of film camera you’re using, if it’s a handheld camcorder or digital camera then the height will remain constant.
However, that doesn’t mean that each different type of camera won’t have its own unique vantage point.Since they have zoom lenses they can change their perspective in dramatic fashion. For example, if you use a digital camera with an extreme telephoto lens and get right up close to your subject with your camera zoomed
What Kind Of Film Shot Type Is A POV: Point of View
It’s a really cool shot type that you can use to tell a story and put the viewer right into the action. The best way to do that is to have a moving camera.
If you are using a tripod, it doesn’t count. It has to be handheld or attached to something like a car or bike.
description:Here is an example of POV video shot by yours truly on my GoPro Hero 3 Black Edition: The most common POV shot used in movies like “The Bourne Identity” and “Casino Royale” where they are running away and shooting at their pursuers. Having a moving camera is the key here!
POV stands for point of view and it’s an angle where the camera is positioned close to the action, usually with a fish eye lense or GoPro lense with 170 degrees field of view. This is one of the coolest shots to use when you want your viewers to feel like they are part of whatever it is you’re filming.
This can be used for extreme sports and even for things like cooking videos. POV shots are being used more and more often in all types of videos because it gives the viewer a feeling like he or she is actually there in person
What Kind Of Film Shot Type Is A EST: Establishing Shot
In film and television, an establishing shot (or EST for short) is a wide shot that gives the audience a sense of the setting of the story. As opposed to a close-up, it usually shows a larger portion of the setting and is used to orient viewers as to where the story is taking place.
It may also be used to help the viewer differentiate between two different locations in a scene by showing different parts of each location or simply by showing how large one location is in comparison to another.
The EST may then be used later in the scene to show an even closer view of that area if time allows or if it helps tell the story. The EST can also be used as a transition between locations by cutting from one EST to another over a period of time.
Establishing shots are typically made up of wide, sweeping, aerial views that show areas such as streets, neighborhoods, cities, parks and forests. In some cases they can be even more detailed than full-scale landscape shots but still focus on showing more than just one particular building or street corner at once.*
What Kind Of Film Shot Type Is A SPFX: Special Effects
What Kind Of Film Shot Type Is A SPFX: Special Effects. There are many film shot types.
One of them is a special effect film shot type. You can learn more about it below.
Practical effects are used to produce physical effects that are practically impossible to create using computer-generated imagery (CGI) or other digital techniques. They are used by motion picture studios, television production companies and special effects artists throughout the world to create everything from the simplest of visual tricks to the most complex of environmental “tattoos” or “prosthetic make-up”.
The phrase “practical effects” is often used interchangeably with “special effects”, but the two terms do not mean the same thing. Special effects are any modifications made after the filming has been completed, whereas practical effects involve modifying something between shooting and viewing, such as props and prosthetics.
The term “special effect” is also sometimes misused, particularly in films and television series, where CGI is substituted for simulated practical effects, such as creating a giant explosion instead of using a stage explosion or firing a gun instead of using a visual effect for one. It is also used to describe an optical illusion in which there is no visible alteration to a scene (e.g., an actor
How To Make A Shot List
A shot list is a basic tool for any photographer. It’s a list of the shots you need to make, organized by location and subject.
Shot lists are a great way to stay organized and tackle your photography project in an efficient and effective manner. Here are some tips on how to create an effective shot list for your next shoot:
Make sure every shot on your list is necessary. It’s better to have fewer shots than more, especially if you’re on a tight shooting schedule.
If you’re not sure whether or not a shot is necessary, don’t worry about it until you see all the images together later, then decide what works and what doesn’t.
Keep your shot list in one place so you can update it easily when needed. If you’re working with a team of people—especially if they’re all photographers—you’ll want to make sure everyone has access to your shot list so they can help make it happen.
Using an app like Dropbox makes it easy to share files with other shooters and crew members without giving everyone access to your entire creative library. Make sure you have the right gear before getting started. You may already know that you need several different lenses and fast memory cards for this shoot, but there are also other things that affect the outcome