Irony is a form of literary device often used in novels, movies, and other forms of media. What makes irony different from sarcasm is that irony relies on the contrast between what happens or has happened and what one might expect to happen.

Irony can be found in everyday life as well as literature- even Shakespeare’s Hamlet has instances where it shows up!

In order to understand precisely how this concept works, we must first define it.



What Are Types of Irony?

Irony is described as a discrepancy between what is expected and what actually happens. It can be found in literature, film, theater, music lyrics and so on.

The most common types of irony are verbal irony in which the speaker says one thing but means another or situational irony when the outcome is opposite to that which was anticipated.



What Is Irony?

Irony has a lot to do with opposites. This is because it often deals with two opposite meanings in one sentence or event.

It is something that we encounter every day in our lives, but it can be difficult to define. It is often used as a synonym for coincidence or misfortune.

However, there are more specific definitions of irony that have been studied and debated by philosophers throughout history.

Aristotle defines irony as “a speech which seems to be contrary to what the speaker really means.”

There are also theories on verbal/situational irony where only one party knows the truth about a situation and others do not know they are being misled.

The irony is a literary device that consists of saying or doing the opposite of what you mean. Irony can be seen in literature, movies and even our daily lives.

For example, if someone said they were not hungry but then took a bite out of their sandwich, this would be an example of sarcasm and irony because they are stating something contrary to what they feel.

What Are The Three Types Of Irony?

Irony can be classified into three main types:

verbal, dramatic, and situational.

Verbal irony is when the speaker says one thing but means another. This can be done with tone or word choice (e.g., “I’m so hungry I could eat a horse!”).

Dramatic irony is when the audience knows something that the character does not know (e.g., in Romeo & Juliet, Lady Capulet says “What shall this boy do here?” unaware that it’s her own son who has just come home).

Situational Irony happens when what happens contradicts what would be expected to happen, usually because of the ignorance of someone.

Types Of Irony

Different Types Of Irony: Dramatic

Dramatic irony is best defined as when a character’s ignorance or innocence leads to his downfall or another such disaster, which is not revealed until later in the story.

Dramatic irony is a form of irony that is expressed through a work’s structure: an audience’s awareness of the situation in which a work’s characters exist differs substantially from that of the characters.

And the words and actions of the characters, therefore, take on a different — often contradictory — meaning for the audience than they have for the work’s characters.

Dramatic irony is most often associated with the theatre, but examples of it can be found across the literary and performing arts.

We often see dramatic irony in the work of authors like William Shakespeare and Jane Austen.

Dramatic irony is a literary device that conveys something to the audience that one or more characters in the scene are unaware of.

For example, we may know that some event will happen but a character does not, which creates an interesting tension as they unknowingly do things leading up to it.

Dramatic Irony is a literary device that uses incongruity between what the audience knows and what the characters know.

For example, if someone had to give up something they love in order to save their life, the audience would understand this sacrifice but the character wouldn’t.

Dramatic irony is a literary device that relies on the audience’s knowledge of events or characters’ thoughts and feelings to create an unexpected, often humorous effect.

The term may also refer to any event where there is a sharp contrast between what one says and does not say.

Verbal Irony Definition

Sarcasm is defined as “the use of words that mean the opposite of what you really want to say especially when you are annoyed or angry.”

Irony extends beyond sarcasm, it occurs when someone says one thing while meaning another.

For example, saying something is “terrible” while thinking it was fantastic or calling someone “stupid” with a smile on your face.

Dramatic irony typically refers to situations where the audience knows more than one characters.

Verbal irony is a figure of speech in which the speaker says one thing but means another. It can be difficult to recognize verbal irony because it may not always be obvious that the speaker is saying things that are different from what they mean.

When you hear someone say something like “I’m so happy for you!” and then they laugh, this could be an example of verbal irony if the person actually hates their friend’s success.

Irony is an expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. It may be used in the form of sarcasm and it can be found in many forms of literature.

Situational Irony Definition

The term situational irony is used to describe a situation where the outcome of an event differs from what was expected.

What would you say if I told you that your new suit just got caught in a rainstorm? You might be thinking “well, it’s raining out so there must be something wrong with me!”


But don’t worry, because this is actually called situational irony and it isn’t meant to make fun of you at all.

Situational Irony can happen anytime when someone has expectations for how things will turn out but then they end up turning out differently than expected.

Irony is a term used to describe the situation when things happen in life that is not what you expected. Situational irony occurs when something happens that is totally different from what was supposed to have happened.

For example, if a person were expecting rain and it turned out to be sunny outside, this would be an example of situational irony.

Irony is a literary device that creates an incongruity between what is expected and what happens. It can be used to illustrate a point, show the differences in character or beliefs, or create comedy.

Situational irony occurs when something turns out the opposite of how it was supposed to happen.

Irony is one of those words that can be difficult to define. It’s not always easy to see when something is ironic, and it’s even harder sometimes to understand why it would be considered ironic in the first place.

But there are some instances where the irony is so obvious that we wonder how we could have missed it.

Why Use Irony?

Irony is a powerful literary device that can evoke strong emotional responses from readers. It’s also been used to prove or disprove someone’s point in an argument, convey hidden messages, and make people laugh.

Irony has many different meanings depending on the context of the situation, but it all boils down to showing what is not said-instead of saying it outright.

Irony is a literary device that creates an outcome that is the opposite of what was intended. It can be used to create humor, to show character development, or to emphasize themes in literature.

One example of irony in literature is when it rains on a parade. This could mean many things including disappointment, relief from heat, or even sadness depending on the context of the event being described.

Irony can also be seen as a tool authors use to manipulate audiences thoughts about characters and events by introducing unexpected twists and turns in stories which cause readers’ emotions to change with rapid speed between anger

It has been around for centuries and was first introduced in Ancient Greece by the philosophers Plato and Aristotle as a way to make their students think about what they are hearing or reading.

Aristotle believed that irony would not work if someone did not understand exactly what kind of irony it was. He also had two types: dramatic/situational irony and verbal irony.

Irony Can Be A Fantastic Tool In Your Writing

Irony is a literary technique used to convey the opposite of what is expected. Irony can be found in many forms, from situational irony to verbal irony.

Irony often leaves readers feeling as if they have been duped or deceived by the author. What’s even more ironic about this situation?

There are many types of irony, such as dramatic irony, verbal irony, and situational irony.

The most confusing word in the English language. We use it all the time, but can never seem to agree on what it means.

Is irony when a person says one thing and does something different? When someone is being sarcastic?

If you cut your finger while cutting a cake, is that ironic too?