The shots in a script are the moments in a film where the camera turns on. Shots add to the pace of the film and give it a sense of action, location and scene changes.

The elements of each shot should be carefully placed and form an intricate relationship with other parts of the story

A shot can also be used to describe two or more different aspects of a scene that are played out at once.

Learning how to write shots will inform you as to how script writers think about and break down their scenes.

By breaking down how scenes are written, and by breaking down an individual shot into its essential elements, more complex sequences become easier to visualize – and easier for others to understand!

Do you want to write a script but don’t know how to structure the events, show directions visually, and let your reader know where they are?

Wonder how do scripts do visual things like fire and smoke? Have you ever wondered how do those awesome action shots get written down?

Well, Fear not! In this guide we will talk about all of that and more.


How To Write Shots In A Script

What Are shots in a Screenplay?

A shot is the most basic element of a screenplay — the visual building block that makes up the script’s story.

The following are the most common types of shots you’ll see in films:

Wide Shot (WS)

This is a full shot that shows everything from head to toe. A wide shot establishes place and character presence, showing their relative distance or relationship.

Full Shot (FS)

A full shot is a bit tighter, showing your characters from head to toe or waist up depending on the need. It gives us a sense of their physicality and general placement within the scene’s geography.

Medium Shot (MS)

The medium shot is often referred to as “mid-shot” and it frames your subject from mid-torso up. This is the most common shot in movies.

Medium Close-up (MCU)

This is perhaps the most commonly used close-up shot in cinema. It frames your subject from just above the chest to just below the top of their head.

The goal here is to frame your subject so that you can capture their feelings without losing too much context of your scene’s location and geography.




How To Write Shots In A Script?

A shot is a single take (usually ten seconds or less) of a single scene. If the camera moves during that time, it’s called a moving shot. If it doesn’t move, it’s called a static shot.

When should you use shots?

In screenwriting, shots are used to describe a moment in time that is different from the previous moment.

They are used to show things that are important for the story and help the reader visualize your script on film.

You should use shots when the camera angle changes, or if the action of the scene has changed.

Also, you should use them when you want to describe an important detail of your scene.

For example, if a character enters a room and there is an important object in the room you can use a shot to show that object to your reader.

How To Write Shots For A Film

Film shots are called shots for a reason – each one is meant to be a specific shot. The viewer shouldn’t see the shot and be confused about what he is looking at.

So, with that being said, when writing your shot list, it is important to write clear and concise descriptions of all your angles/shots.

In this video tutorial, you will learn how to write shots for films using descriptive language that will help you write shots based on writer’s intent.

A good script isn’t just a way to tell the story of your movie. The shots that make up the story are known as shots, and their arrangement is called the shot list.

Knowing how to make effective shot lists can help you efficiently plan out your production while keeping the story clear and preserving important beats.

A shot is the term given to a single continuous take which could be seen as one complete scene in a film. It refers to the visual image of a camera viewpoint, that when first filmed, is thought of as a single ‘shot’. 

A short film will contain several shots and a feature film will contain hundreds or even thousands of shots.

Definition Of A Montage Or A Series Of Shots

Break from norm and redefine your montage. Take the introductory bite out of your narrative, be it a short film, action flick or western.

Direct the attention of your audience on to a series of shots that convey strength, wealth or political power. Make your montage original.

The writer discusses different theories on how to use montage appropriately in films. In the end, the author suggests that it is best used for complex sequences in films, but rarely for a single shot or series of shots.

Montage is the technique of bringing together disparate shots to create a unified image.

Each shot stands alone as its own composition, but when linked by another shot, they combine and can create a more significant meaning. A montage sequence can be broken up into smaller groups called ‘modules’ which can be cut in short order or time can link them together to create an overall story line/meaning

 A montage is a series of short film sequences that are linked by a uniting theme. This series is shown in sequence, often abruptly interrupting one another, to emphasize the contrast between these scenes.

Difference Between A Montage And A Series Of Shots

A montage is usually a cinematic technique or a sequence of short shots while the series of shots, or shot sequence is an arrangement of several camera shots that run in quick succession. During the montage, there are cuts and movements are continuous while in the series of shots, the camera and cuts remain static.

A montage is a sequence of short scenes, or shots. It is used to transition, or link, two or more parts of a film.

A series of shots is a collection of the same scene with slight changes in angle .

The terms montage and series of shots are used interchangeably by some critics to indicate a change in camera angle within a shot sequence whereas others regard the montage as a specific formal strategy.

How To Write And Format A Montage

Whether you want to just cover the basics or venture into advanced techniques, this humorous eBook by James Scott Bell will take you on a journey through the adventures of his failed attempts of writing a montage. If you’re ready to learn how to write and format one of these scenes, scroll up and click “buy now.”

Montages are often used in movies, TV shows, and videos as a series of scenes that are spliced together to tell one story. The montage format is used when a work wishes to present time consuming ideas in a short amount of time or wants to illustrate a sequence of actions.

The following steps will guide you through the process of writing, formatting and visualizing your montage.

The trick is to create interest while using words as sparingly as possible.

How To Write And Format A Series Of Shot

A series of shots is a sequence of consecutive pictures, in video or film, taken from approximately the same angle.

In a series of shots when you want to connect them by chronological order or any other order, you have to join them by some visual devices such as: cutting one shot into the next shot and then proceeding with the action; starting one shot as a continuation of the preceding shot; having a cutaway to another subject and then coming back to the main action.

This writing guide will cover all the different kinds of series for more information about Series of Shots visit

Rules For Formatting A Montage Or Series Of Shots

A montage is a very useful type of shot in filmmaking, and for some reason is pretty poorly explained. That’s about to change, as this video instructs you on how to make the perfect montage.

Just as dialogue is stylized to the character(s), and setting descriptions are stylized to the narrator, montages and other series of shots are written in a slightly different way. Note the repetition of three pairs of words that create small “hooks” to help readers remember the scene.

Repetition is an excellent tool for style, but be careful not to overdo it, as long blocks of repeating text can become tedious for your reader. Also note how each sentence ends with a verb: A good tip for most styles.

This is an informative and engaging way to teach a potentially dry subject.

This can be accomplished by having visuals, musical accompaniment, and even animations if necessary.

Open on tracking shot of two women and a man exiting a car with luggage. Cut to grainy footage taken on someone’s phone.

The image is dark at first but comes into focus on two figures struggling with a door. Cut to an outside POV of someone running through the rain, shots of water-soaked papers and dripping red paint appear out of focus in the background. Cut to a different angle.

This time we can see that it’s raining, the man and woman from before are struggling beneath an umbrella as they hurry through a crowd. Cut to black and white footage taken from inside the store, A woman appears wielding a bat, which she brings down on one of the glass cases all around her.

Switch back to footage taken by somebody else, this time in color – but only for an instant: red, green and blue lights flash across the screen as it all goes awry at once.

How To Write Shots In A Script Close Up Shot

Discover how to write and dialogue close up shots in a script. From dramatic close ups through to comedic reactions, I take you through the ins and outs of writing shots on a page.

Fun and informative, this training course is perfect for writers new to filming as well as those with experience of screenwriting. In step by step detail, watch and learn how to correctly structure a shot, varying the distance between what you see within the lens and what you write into the script. 

Discover how to write and dialogue close up shots in a script. From dramatic close ups through to comedic reactions, I take you through the ins and outs of writing shots on a page.

Fun and informative, this training course is perfect for writers new to filming as well as those with experience of screenwriting.

In step by step detail, watch and learn how to correctly structure a shot, varying the distance between what you see within the lens and what you write into the script.

In a script, writers will use a variety of terms to communicate where the camera is supposed to be. In this tutorial you’ll learn some of the most used ones and how to understand when to use them.

How To Write Shots In A Script Insert Shot

This might include a close-up of a character’s hand reaching for something, or a medium shot of an actor’s face as she walks through the woods. While an insert is placed within the body of a script, it typically doesn’t take up much time on screen.

Sometimes in a script you will see an INSERT. What is that? An insert shot is used to feature part of the scene by zooming in on it or creating a close up of it.

The best way to create an insert shot is to use the camera, common mistake made by rookies are to add location shots or B-roll shots but they don’t look good with the rest of your movie.

A shot is a mechanically produced element. It is a very common piece of language found in cinema, since it conveys information.

It can be defined as the duration of time during which one single image appears on screen. In this case, we use shots to convey the action to the audience.

How To Write Shots In A Script Wide Shot

If you want to learn how to write shots in a script, then look no further!  I’ve compiled many different types of generic Wide Shots into one post for you to reference so when you’re writing a screenplay, it’s not confusing on what type of Wide Shot you need. 

Each shot will have a description and example of the shot from a movie.

A Wide Shot is an extremely long view, including a great deal of the space surrounding the actors and action. This view shows us all of the environment, as well as a large portion of the group of people.

A shot where the camera is set up at a wide angle showing the whole of a subject or scene. This is the standard establishing shot and can be used to give a sense of location, setting and time.

How To Write Shots In A Script POV Shot

Knowing how to write a shot in a script can be confusing.So,how do you write a screenplay POV shot?

Well,there are two ways to approach this technique. The first way is to create a camera shot that will express the point of view of the character,or provide an additional feeling to the scene or moment.

You can also use it for setting up a sequence that shows us where we are in time and space.

“A POV’ shot is a camera angle taken from the point of view of the character.” Of course this is my modified definition.

POV means Point of View, Shot is just the word for camera angles. So you could also call it a character shot, too.

But in screenplays and scripts where screenwriters write out “Shot” instead of just saying shot it can be a little confusing. Especially if you aren’t perfectly sure what the hell they are talking about.

And besides we don’t need to get into that right now

Don’t confuse shots with camera angles, or any of the other common but very different terms. This article explains how to write POV, Shot, Cinematography and Effects all in your script format and then translates them into common language as well, so that people know what a film writer is really trying to ask for.

How To Write Shots In A Script Establishing Shot

For a script to ring true, you need to include proper establishing shots.  In comedy, comedy is in the details.     

Your establishing shot will set the tone and mood of your scene. But how much do you include, and what exactly should you show in this crucial shot?

An establishing shot only needs to show enough visual information to tell the viewers where your story is taking place: a specific episode of a television drama, for example.    

You’re not trying to detail every aspect of the location — rather, you’re giving them enough information to mentally fill in the blanks with their own “movie picture.”

The establishing shot in film establishes the location to the audience. it acts as a touchstone for the audience, grounding them in the world of the movie.

Establishing shots often use different types of lenses and camera movements to convey information about a scene. In this article we’ll discuss what an establishing shot is and how to use one in your screenplays.

There are times when a script does not tell you whether a long shot or close up—or medium shot—is called for. 

How To Write Shots In A Script Underwater Shot

Rich Image is designed to help screenwriters improve their screenplays but we also hope to interest the general public in learning more about film making (or help them make a better camcorder movie).

Underwater shots are frequently used in feature films and television series.Creating an underwater shot is not difficult, although it can be intimidating to navigate the maze of camera terms.

When writing an underwater shot for either your film or television script, you have a lot of different options.

With some planning and preparation, you can make sure that you get the shot you want.

David Hannan, who has written and produced movies since 1997, will explain the process of writing under water shots

He will walk you through his process from pre-production to production and post-production including budgets and figuring out what gear you need to get the shot. This is an advanced level tutorial for people already familiar with basic video and audio concepts.