Chromatic aberration is a type of optical defect that occurs when light rays are bent by lenses or other optical components.

It occurs because of the fact that glass can not bend all wavelengths equally at the same time.

A certain wavelength is focused by the lens while another wavelength is refracted. Chromatic aberration causes a fringing effect on the picture, which makes it look as if there is a halo around bright objects.


What Is Chromatic Aberration

What Is Chromatic Aberration?

Chromatic aberration is the effect that exists when a lens is used to focus an image on a sensor. This effect can be seen at the edges of the focus point, as well as in the center. The effect can be reduced by using a well-calibrated lens and by adjusting the aperture setting.

The color fringing around the edge of an image is caused by waves of light being reflected off the surface of an object and interfering with each other. The waves are different colors, and they have different wavelengths, which means that they interfere with each other differently depending on their color.

This interference causes them to cancel out each other when they come into contact with each other, causing an area where they all cancel out instead of being mixed together.



What Is Chromatic Aberration In Cameras?

Chromatic aberration occurs in lenses that are made from glass and are used to focus images onto a sensor. The problem with this is that most cameras use different types of glass for different purposes.

These glasses may have different properties and thus cause different types of chromatic aberrations. In some cases, such as using an ultra-wide angle lens on a full frame camera, you will be able to see chromatic aberrations even if they are not visible on your screen.

What Is Chromatic Aberration?

Chromatic aberration is an optical phenomenon that occurs when light travels through a lens. A lens consists of two surfaces, one for convex and one for concave. As light passes from air to glass, it continues on as if it were in air. But as the light passes through the lens, it changes direction.

As shown in the diagram to the right, when rays of white light pass through a lens, they bend slightly toward the blue end of the spectrum. This is known as chromatic aberration.

Because lenses are made with different materials, lenses can be ground to have different shapes and curvatures that can cause different amounts of chromatic aberration.

Because lenses are made using glass and plastic, they can be ground differently to correct for this distortion. However, if you look closely at your camera’s lens or microscope’s eyepiece lens, you will see that there are still some aberrations present despite this correction process.

Ways To Avoid Chromatic Aberration

The most common way to avoid chromatic aberration is to use a lens that has been designed to reduce it. The easiest way to do this is by using an off-the-shelf telephoto lens, which will already have been designed to reduce the problem.


However, there are also several options for lenses that are specifically designed to reduce chromatic aberration. These include:

Optical correction filters (OCF). These are usually made from prisms that correct for all kinds of optical aberrations, including chromatic aberration. The best known brands are B+W and Tiffen, but there are many others as well.

OCFs are usually very expensive though, so if you don’t need them and don’t want to spend lots of money on them then you may prefer to look at cheaper alternatives like Aputure’s Chromatic Aberration Filter Kit or LEE Filters’ “Chromatic Aperture” filter set (which includes both a T-stop/color correction filter and an OCF).

Reflective filters (RFi). These can also be used as a method of correcting different types of aberrations, although they’re not necessarily suited for this purpose as they tend to focus more light than

Why Does Chromatic Aberration Happen?

Chromatic aberration is a phenomenon that happens when your camera lens tries to focus on objects that are farther away or closer to the camera than it can accurately focus. For example, if you try to take a picture of an object at infinity, then the entire object will appear blurry because the focus isn’t sharp enough.

There are two types of chromatic aberration: axial and lateral (or transverse). Axial chromatic aberration occurs when light travels through one specific axis of your lens. Lateral chromatic aberration occurs when light travels through multiple axes.

Axial Chromatic Aberration

Axial chromatic aberration occurs when light travels through one specific axis of your lens. It’s most pronounced at the edges of your image field and decreases as you move towards the center of your image field.

The amount of axial chromatic aberration depends on how far you are from your subject and how much light there is in front of it (as well as other factors).

What Causes Chromatic Aberration?

Chromatic aberration is the most common and noticeable form of optical distortion. It happens when light rays that come from different colors in the same direction hit a single lens at the same time.

The result is that one color will be focused at a different point on the lens than another color. This can cause colors to appear faded, or colors of similar depth to appear grossly exaggerated.


Chromatic aberration can be caused by several factors, including:

Type of glass used – Different types of glass have different amounts of melanin in them, which affects how well they absorb certain colors and wavelengths. Glasses with less melanin tend to have more chromatic aberration.

Distance between camera and subject – When you’re shooting something close up, you want all your lenses to focus at the same distance from your subject. If you move a lens farther away from your subject, it will no longer be able to focus perfectly on it due to chromatic aberration.

Focus distance – Chromatic aberration becomes more pronounced as you get closer to your subject in focus because there are fewer wavelengths available for focusing on than farther away.

Types Of Chromatic Aberration

Chromatic aberration is the defocus that occurs when the focal point of a lens is different distances from the lens than it should be. This can happen because of any number of causes, but it’s most often due to some optical element (or elements) being out of alignment with respect to each other.

There are actually three types of chromatic aberration: spherical, longitudinal, and transverse. Here’s what each looks like:

Spherical Chromatic Aberration


This type arises from an optical element that has spherical surfaces, like a spherical mirror or a spherical lens. Because these surfaces are curved, they cause light rays to converge at different points on their surface depending on their path through space.

As a result, images taken through these lenses will have different colors in them as they pass through different parts of the lens’ surface at different times. Spherical aberration can be corrected by adding another lens between your camera and your subject or using software to correct it after you’ve taken the picture. Longitudinal Chromatic Aberration

Longitudinal chromatic aberration occurs when different wavelengths travel at different speeds along the same optical path within an optical system — such as

Lateral Aberration

In the field of optics, lateral aberration is the deviation of a lens’ focal plane from the geometric center of its image. If a lens is designed to have no lateral aberration, then it will be perfect.

However, almost all lenses in use today are designed to have some amount of lateral aberration. This is because most lenses can be corrected for by using special types of glass that are not as prone to producing diffraction effects and thus have lower levels of spherical aberration.

Lateral aberration occurs when light rays travel along different paths in different directions within the same lens system. When this happens, each ray becomes focused at a different point due to the differences in its path length through the lens system.

This can cause problems for digital cameras, which typically create their images by scanning across an image sensor or film negative rather than by projecting them directly onto a camera’s optical viewfinder or LCD screen.

Axial Aberration

Axial Aberration is a type of lens aberration that occurs when the focus of a lens is not in focus. It can be caused by many factors, such as the curvature of the lens, the distance from the surface of the object, or the distance between you and your subject.

Axial Aberration occurs when light rays coming from a point source are bent or refracted by an optical element (lens) into different focal lengths due to its shape. In other words, it occurs because light rays passing through a smooth transparent material (such as glass) will not be focused to a single point like when using a camera lens.

Instead, they will form an ellipse on their way through the material. If these ellipses are exactly aligned with each other (which happens at infinity), then all points along those ellipses will have the same focal length and all points will appear sharp on the image plane (film). However, if these ellipses are not precisely aligned then some points will appear sharper than others and some may not appear sharp at all!

Axial aberration can be corrected with special lenses called apochromats which have more than one element in them so that each element can

Types Of Chromatic Aberration In Photography

There are three types of chromatic aberration in photography. The first one is lateral (or longitudinal) chromatic aberration, which causes the barrel of the lens to be different in widths and thicknesses.

This type of error is more noticeable when photographing objects close to the camera and also when using zoom lenses. Lateral chromatic aberration is more common than longitudinal chromatic aberration, but it still occurs with some lenses.

The second type of error is axial (or transverse) chromatic aberration, which causes the image at the rear element of a lens to be slightly different from the image at its front element. This error is less noticeable when photographing objects close to or even near your subject, because it only shows up as a slight difference between those two images.

Axial chromatic aberration occurs in all lenses and can be caused by several reasons: a change in curvature or shape of an optical surface, changes in refractive index or materials used for coatings on either one or both surfaces, dust particles that enter into one or both elements during manufacturing or after assembly and microlenses that move within their surface while focusing light

Solutions To Chromatic Aberration

Chromatic aberration is a problem that occurs in most lenses. It’s caused by the different refractive indices of the different wavelengths of light, which means that light waves of different colors have to travel through different paths within the lens.

In simple terms, chromatic aberration causes the image to be slightly out of focus at some points along its field. This can be corrected by removing it with software or by making adjustments to your lens, but both solutions are imperfect.


The best solution is to avoid chromatic aberration altogether; if your camera uses a fixed focal length lens, then you’re already working with a lens that doesn’t suffer from this problem. You can also get rid of it by using lower ISO settings and other processing tricks like Gaussian Blur or sharpen filters.

Fixing Chromatic Aberration

Chromatic aberration is the effect that occurs when a lens is unable to focus all colors in an image. This can be caused by a number of factors, including imaging optics and camera sensors.

In photography, chromatic aberration is often referred to as “color fringing” or “purple fringing” because it appears as a color fringe around high-contrast edges, especially those near the corners of an image. It’s also commonly referred to as “vignetting” because it causes dark edges to look darker than they really are.

Chromatic aberration can be fixed using several methods:

Raise your ISO setting. The higher you set your ISO, the more likely it is that you will encounter chromatic aberration problems in your images. To avoid this problem entirely, shoot at lower ISOs than you normally would and then adjust them in post-processing software such as Adobe Photoshop or Lightroom before saving your files.

This way, you can ensure that all colors are properly focused on your sensor before capturing the final image.

Use post-production software such as Adobe Photoshop or Lightroom to correct the problem

Use A High-Quality Lens

When you’re taking photos, it’s important to use a high-quality lens. You don’t want to use an old, scratched up lens when you want to take the perfect picture of your friend at the beach.

The best lenses are made from glass and are often referred to as “lenses”. They can be broken down into two groups: prime and zoom lenses.

Prime lenses are fixed focal length lenses that have no zoom capability. They are typically very expensive because they have a single focal length (i.e., 50mm or 85mm) and can only be used for one type of photography (e.g., portraits or landscapes).


Zoom lenses allow you to change the zoom distance on your camera by rotating the lens ring around the front of the camera body. Zoom lenses have varying focal lengths which allows you to photograph at different distances away from your subject.

This is great if you want to get closer to something or zoom out further away from an object or scenery while still taking pictures with good quality shots in between angles that would have been too tricky with a prime lens alone because they lack versatility in terms of focal length (i.e., not all 24mm

Shoot At A Narrower Aperture

The aperture is the hole in the camera or lens, which allows light to pass through. The amount of light that passes through the aperture is controlled by an iris, which can be opened and closed. If you want to take a picture of something with a narrow depth of field, you need a small aperture; if you want to take a picture of something with a large depth of field, you need a large aperture.

Narrow Aperture

A wide-open aperture means that there’s lots of light coming through, but not too much. It also means that there will be less depth of field — everything in front of and behind your subject will be in focus at once. For example, if you’re shooting at f/2.8, everything from about 3 feet away from your subject will be in focus.

This can make it hard to get a good image because there are so many elements competing for attention: background objects and people standing nearby may appear blurry or out of focus while your subject appears sharp.

Wider Aperture

A narrow aperture lets more light into the lens than usual; as a result, everything in front of and behind your subject will blur together into one moving blur (unless they’re also moving). This makes

Avoid Using Wide-Angle Lenses

Wide-angle lenses are great for taking in the whole composition, but they can cause problems if you use them in ways that you don’t intend.

Wide-angle lenses are great for taking in the whole composition, but they can cause problems if you use them in ways that you don’t intend. The most common problem is what’s called distortion. If you look through a wide-angle lens at something close up and then zoom out, your subject will appear larger than it should be.

This distortion is most noticeable when you’re photographing architecture or landscapes where the buildings or trees are relatively small compared to the rest of the image. It’s also less extreme when you zoom in on a portrait or macro shot because as you move closer to your subject, it will look larger than it actually is because of how wide your lens was set before zooming out.

Another issue with wide-angle lenses is vignetting (narrowing of light). Vignetting occurs when light rays outside the edges of your image angle toward the center become darker than those nearer to the edge where there was less light coming through from that direction earlier on when focusing on objects near one side

Chromatic Aberration Examples

Chromatic aberration is a type of error in a lens that occurs when light of different colors is focused at different points. The most common type of chromatic aberration happens when the focus is set at one distance and the lens has to refocus in order to make up for this error.

To understand this better, let’s look at an example:


If you were looking through a telescope, with an aperture of f/4 and a focal length of 200 mm, you would see an object that appeared to be about 500 meters away (500 x 200 / 4 = 1000). However, if you were to take a photograph with this same telescope, it would appear as though your image was taken from only 20 meters away (20 x 200 / 4 = 400).

This is because the light coming through your telescope has been focused by your lens at a point where it can pass through without being refocused in order to make up for this error.

Chromatic Aberration – Wrapping Up

Chromatic aberration is an optical phenomenon that can occur in photographs, in video, and in some kinds of glass. It’s a problem because it causes the image to look like it has color fringes around the edges of objects or people.

Chromatic aberration is caused by light that passes through a lens at different wavelengths (colors) coming to focus at different points on the lens. Because of this, you may see colored fringes around objects or people in your images.

The amount of chromatic aberration will depend on the angle that you view your subject from, how close or far away from your subject you view it from, and how much light is coming into your lens or camera.

Chromatic Aberrations are usually very small, but they can be more noticeable when there are large amounts of bright light shining on an object or person’s face.