The Hollywood studio system is regarded as the world’s first major film industry dealing in movies.
In its early phase, it was known for producing films of high quality, including some of the greatest ever made.
It is also credited with laying the groundwork for the “star system”, which is a standard concept in American cinema.
The system was dominated by a small group of major studios in Hollywood, and the major players were
These studios controlled a large amount of the movie industry from 1917 to 1960.
They also had a monopoly on distributing their own product from Mutual Distribution until 1948 when that market was deregulated with the consent of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Studio System In Hollywood
What Is The Studio System In Hollywood?
The studio system refers to the way Hollywood was run for a number of years. Studios were responsible for creating, financing, and distributing films.
In the studio system, actors, directors and writers were under contract with a specific studio. They could only work for that studio and the studios owned all the rights to anything produced by their employees.
The system started in the 1920s and 1930s. The smaller studios merged into larger ones like MGM (Metro Goldwyn Mayer).
The big five studios started controlling nearly 90 percent of all U.S film production by the 1950s:
– 20th Century Fox,
– RKO Pictures.
In 1948, the U.S Supreme Court ruled that major studios had to divest themselves of theaters or lose their antitrust protection.
This is called “the
Since then, many have tried to resurrect it with limited success. The most recent attempt was Viacom’s purchase of
The Emergence Of The Hollywood Studio System
The Golden Age of Hollywood was one where many actors were starred in films which would often include famous actresses like Joan Crawford or Carole Lombard.
The term itself comes from a period in Hollywood history when so many major films were produced that they were written about in newspapers as happening every year and being made by every studio in Hollywood.
The Hollywood Golden Era began around 1932 and ended around 1963 due to lots of big changes such as television, which directly took viewership from theaters.
Sound And The Big Five Hollywood Studios
The Big Five Hollywood Studios are the five biggest and most powerful film studios of Hollywood.
These studios dominate the American film industry by producing the majority of mainstream films seen by the public in theaters and by exercising a dominant control over the production and distribution of films made for television, cable, and home video.
The Big Five are not necessarily the oldest five major film studios in continuous existence. Although MGM was founded in the 1890s, it is currently owned by media conglomerate Sony Pictures Entertainment (which also owns Columbia Pictures).
Paramount Pictures was founded in 1912 as Famous Players Film Company, but has been controlled by Viacom since its 1967 merger with CBS Corporation.
The other three companies were all founded within the last thirty years: 20th Century Fox was created through the merger of Fox Film Corporation and Twentieth Century Pictures in 1935; Walt Disney Studios was founded as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio in 1923, but did not achieve prominence until its expansion into live-action film production in the late 1940s; Universal Studios was founded as Universal Film Manufacturing Company in 1912, but did not become a major studio until it was acquired by MCA Inc. in 1962.
Today, these five companies control approximately 90% of all film produced within the United States.
Reign Of The Majors And The First Decline
During the reign of dinosaurs, the first decline took place. The cause of this decline is still largely unknown.
The dinosaurs’ extinction has been linked to an extraterrestrial impact event such as a comet or meteorite crashing into Earth.
An alternative theory is that the dinosaur population declined due to environmental changes caused by massive volcanic eruptions in what is now India .
Whatever the cause, over a period of about 50 thousand years, dinosaurs slowly disappeared from the earth.Sixty-six million years after the first decline, a new king emerged from a small town called Seattle .
This new king ruled for 30 years and is still popular today. Its name was Microsoft .
It became one of the largest technology companies in the world and created an operating system that was later adopted by most of its competitors, including Apple Inc., which was founded in 1976.
The company was led by Bill Gates , who was crowned king at age 31 and remained on his throne for 15 years before stepping down.
Microsoft ‘s reign could not go on forever, though, because in 2001 Apple released its first iPod and quickly gained dominance over the industry as more people began to use its music players instead of those made by Microsoft .
The End Of The Hollywood System And The Death Of RKO Studio
The studio system was a major influence in the development of the American film industry.
It enabled a few major studios to produce hundreds of films annually and release them through a nationwide reselling system of theatres, which in turn ensured economic success and produced hard-to-resist competition between studios.
This all began to change rapidly with the emergence of television in the late 1940s, and it collapsed almost completely in the 1960s with the end of the Production Code.
The old studio system is often credited with being responsible for many things, mostly having to do with producing films on an industrial scale and making them available on a national level, such as standardization of film-making practices, centrally locating all aspects of production under one roof (including star actors), extensive financial investment in films, a high degree of control over every phase of production, and making Hollywood the center of film production.
The system also helped develop and maintain practices such as a star system, typified by extensive use of “bankable stars” drawing audiences. ote: I have no idea if this book is still good or not.
I’m just using this because it’s an example from my list and I couldn’t find any other books that are similar enough to show you what my list looks like.
The Hollywood Studio System
The Studio System is a method of filmmaking that dominated the American film industry from the mid-1920s to the 1950s.
The Studio System essentially comprised a set of rules and practices created by the Big Five studios (Fox, Loew’s, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM),
The system arose in response to a growing demand for feature films by movie theaters. It was a vertically integrated business; all parts of the process—acting, directing, screenwriting, editing, set design, costumes and marketing—were often done under one roof.
This allowed a more efficient production process than was previously possible when each segment of the process had its own studio and contractual commitments.In this system, as many as four companies would cooperate on a single film.
One company would handle production, another distribution, and two or more others would split the profits of the film. These companies pooled their resources for advertising and publicity purposes.
They divided up the release schedule among themselves so that their movies aired at different times during the year.
The practice of block booking for exhibitors sometimes meant that part of this money was used to subsidize less successful pictures produced by other units within the studio system.
The Television Era And the New Hollywood
In a world where more and more people are watching programming on their own terms, TV networks are having to figure out what it means to be a channel. Lately, they’ve come to an uncomfortable realization: They might not actually be channels anymore.
Instead, they’re something else entirely — and that something is proving harder to pin down than anyone expected.The change has been in the works for some time, but it’s only recently come into focus with the success of Netflix and Amazon’s streaming video services.
These services offer dozens of TV shows from their networks, as well as original programming like “House of Cards” and “Orange Is the New Black.”
That’s a lot of competition for TV viewers’ attention — especially when you consider that it’s competing with things like Hulu, HBO Go and cable on-demand services.
TV networks need to be more than just channels if they want to succeed in this new world, but so far none have found a successful new model. HBO has built its own streaming service and launched new online-only shows like “Girls.”
AMC is working on its own version of Netflix’s binge-watching service by releasing all episodes of “Breaking Bad” season five at once, letting viewers watch them whenever they want.
The Studio System
Before the early 20th century, the only way to make moving pictures was to build your own “camera.” The earliest filmmakers used big, clunky machines that weighed hundreds of pounds and took a long time to set up.
Attaching a camera to a train or boat was even more difficult. In order to film these types of shots, cameras had to be mounted on platforms that were then fixed onto carts.
These heavy rigs were difficult to pull across uneven terrain, but they offered one advantage: they could move in any direction while the cart remained stationary.The development of the railroad track helped solve this problem.
It was discovered that if a camera was mounted on a track and pulled by a fast moving vehicle (like a train or car), it would create smooth motion in the shot.
This technique became known as the “Dolly Zoom,” which is now commonly used in films today (such as in “Pulp Fiction” or “Vertigo”).
Cameras mounted on tracks were not practical for many situations though, so inventors began working on self-propelled cameras capable of moving in any direction.
This technology existed as far back as 1850s France, when photographer Etienne-Jules Marey created small clockwork motors.
The Film School Generation
Times have changed, and the film industry has become a lot more accessible. Today, anyone with a camera and computer can shoot a movie and make it available for the entire world to see.
And with the advent of online courses such as MasterClass, anyone can learn the tricks of the complicated trade at home, too.For many people, however, film school is still an option.
Here’s what you need to know about this route to becoming a filmmaker: What is film school? A film school is an institution that offers formal education in filmmaking.
Film schools are typically two-year programs that offer a degree in film studies or filmmaking.
In addition to classroom study, students also get hands-on experience in editing and production work.
How much does it cost?Most short programs charge between $20,000 and $30,000 per year.
The most selective four-year schools might cost as much as $60,000 per year for tuition alone. And if you’re going to pursue a master’s degree or Ph.D., you can expect your total bill to top $100,000 without any financial aid from scholarships or grants.
The Edge Of Hollywood
It’s hard to believe that The Edge Of Hollywood, the eight-screen theater at the Towne Center, is almost a decade old. It still looks brand new.
I was there last week for their anniversary celebration, which was really more of a party than anything else.
They had appetizers and wine in the lobby, along with some of the original employees who worked when the theater opened on Nov. 5, 1998.
The theater is right next to the Towne Center Cinemas’ other theater (which has 10 screens), but The Edge is like its own little world. The lobby is spacious and inviting — it even has couches and small tables for people to sit and wait for movies to start.
There are always plenty of seats available because it’s so big. You can also see some great artwork from local artists in the lobby and on parts of the walls up above.
The seats in all eight theaters are huge, too — much better than what you find at most other theaters around town (which usually have tiny seats or those annoying stadium-style chairs that don’t even recline). Each seat also has its own cup holder, which I always appreciate.
The Edge also has a lot more concessions options than most theaters.
Hollywood In Modern Cinema
Movie making today is a multi billion dollar industry. The movies that are produced can range from comedies, to romance, to action and adventure.
But what about the ones that don’t make it to the big screen?The movie industry has been around for over one hundred years.
It started when Thomas Edison invented the motion picture camera.
People were amazed at how motion pictures were able to capture their favorite actors performing in front of a camera.One day, people were watching actors perform on stage and within a few years, they could watch them on the silver screen.
They could see their favorite play right in front of their eyes as if they were right there in the theater with them.Motion pictures have evolved over time and have now been upgraded into a wide range of movies that are made around the world.
Some of these movies are award winning while others have been considered box office bombs.In this blog, I am going to go into detail about what makes Hollywood such an iconic place to film movies and how they became so popular over time.
I will be covering anything from the start of Hollywood all the way up until present day, in which we are still seeing new movies being produced each and every year.
Ready to learn about some other Film Movements & Film History?