The Art Nouveau Art Movement is a style of art that emerged in Europe at the end of the 19th century. It was characterized by its emphasis on nature, organic forms and human sexuality.

The movement emerged in France but quickly spread to other countries including Germany, Belgium and Great Britain.

Artists who were associated with this movement included Gustav Klimt (Austria), Alphonse Mucha (Czech Republic) and Edward Johnston (Great Britain).

While it’s origins can be traced back to earlier times such as Rococo or Neoclassicism, what makes it unique is its use of curved lines which create an organic feel to them unlike other movements where straight lines dominate most artwork produced during those periods.

This style also focuses heavily on nature so many artists incorporated flowers into their paintings or sculptures as well as incorporating themes related to fertility into their work such as motherhood etcetera.

Characteristics of Art Nouveau

Art Nouveau is a style of art and design that flourished between 1890 and 1910. It’s characterized by an organic, flowing quality and often features natural forms like plants or animals in its designs.

Art Nouveau artists often used bright colors, asymmetrical compositions, curved lines, and floral patterns to create their pieces.

They also incorporated a variety of materials into their work including glassware (vases), metals (bronze), ceramics (pottery) as well as wood carvings or sculptures made from stone such as marble or granite

Notable Art Nouveau Artists

Art Nouveau artists were influenced by a wide range of styles and movements, including Symbolism, Art Deco and even Japanese woodblock prints. The most notable Art Nouveau artists include:

  • Hector Guimard (1867-1942) – French architect who designed the Paris Metro entrances that are now considered iconic examples of the style.
  • Antoni Gaudi (1852-1926) – Catalan architect whose work includes La Sagrada Familia Cathedral in Barcelona; he was inspired by nature and organic forms for his designs.
  • Gustav Klimt (1862-1918) – Austrian painter known for his portraits as well as murals like The Kiss.

Art Nouveau in Architecture

The Art Nouveau movement was a reaction to the Industrial Revolution and its emphasis on mechanization.

The artists of this era wanted to return to nature, so they looked for inspiration in plant forms and natural materials like wood and stone.

They also used ironwork extensively in their designs, because it was thought to be more organic than steel or concrete.

The most notable structures built during this time period were:

  • The Eiffel Tower (1889), which was built for an international exposition held in Paris; it’s still standing today!
  •  The Grand Palais (1897), also located in Paris; it’s now used as an exhibition space for art shows and events.

Art Nouveau in Visual Arts

Art Nouveau is a style of visual arts, architecture and applied art that was popular during the Belle Epoque era. It began in France and spread to other countries around 1900.


Artists like Alphonse Mucha painted women wearing Art Nouveau-style clothing, jewelry and hair accessories.

In his painting “The Seasons” (1896), he used floral patterns on the dresses of four different seasons (spring, summer, autumn and winter).

He also used geometric shapes such as triangles or squares in his paintings to represent nature’s energy flowing through nature’s creatures like butterflies or birds flying through trees with flowers blooming around them!


Many sculptors created pieces based on characters from fairytales like “The Sleeping Beauty” by Charles Perrault; these sculptures were usually carved out of marble but some were also made out of bronze metal so they could be displayed outdoors without rusting away too quickly under rainwater exposure conditions!

Art Nouveau In The Decorative Arts

The Art Nouveau movement was also a significant influence on the decorative arts.


The curved lines and floral motifs of Art Nouveau furniture were often rendered in wood or metal, with the latter being more common.


In addition to its use in jewelry design, enamel was popularly used as an artistic medium by itself during this period. Enameling is an ancient technique that uses glass as a base material for coloring metal objects such as jewelry or utensils.

The glass can be fired onto metal surfaces using heat from an oven or torch flame; it’s then polished smooth before firing again at high temperatures so that it becomes part of the object rather than just sitting atop of it (as would happen if you simply painted over them).

This allows for greater detail than other methods like painting alone would allow–and since each color requires its own firing process before adding another layer overtop (called “firing”), artists could create incredibly complex patterns without having to worry about any cracks appearing between layers due to uneven cooling rates!