Avant-garde art movements are often marked by radical departures from existing styles and institutions. The De Stijl movement was one of the most significant avant-garde movements of the twentieth century, and it had a lasting impact on modern art and architecture.

De Stijl is an acronym for “the Netherlands School” or “the Dutch School” (Dutch: Nederlandse Kunst-school). It was founded in 1917 by Theo van Doesburg and others, including Piet Mondrian, Paul Cézanne, and John Berger.


What Is The De Stijl Art Movement

What Is The De Stijl Art Movement?

The De Stijl movement was a Dutch avant-garde art movement that lasted from 1917 to 1932. The movement originated in the Hague, Netherlands, and had its heyday in Amsterdam during the 1920s. The group’s principles were based on a belief that art should not be bound by traditional artistic conventions or subject to commercial considerations.

The term “De Stijl” means “the style” in Dutch and is often translated as “the style of [artists]’s times”. Its members are often referred to as “De Stijlians”, although the name does not appear in any of their published writings.

The name is also used as a synonym for modernism, although there are many other movements that are often associated with modernism; it is sometimes used as an informal term for modernist architecture and design. The movement had some influence on later styles, particularly in architecture and graphic design.



What Is De Stijl In Art?

The group’s name has been translated as “The Style of the Netherlands”, “The New Painting”, or in English, “The Stile of the Netherlands”. Its members sought to create a new form of art that would reflect their idealism and optimism after World War I.

The De Stijl artists believed that architecture should be abstract, not representational; that architects should work with colors; and that architecture must convey ideas about space rather than objects.

Major Figures Of De Stijl

De Stijl was an art movement founded in 1917 in the Netherlands, which is considered as a precursor to modernism. The members of this group included Theo van Doesburg, Piet Mondrian and Gerrit Rietveld.

De Stijl was a reaction against both Impressionism and Expressionism. It aimed at creating a new form of painting that could be easily understood by the masses.

The main ideals behind De Stijl were simplicity, functionality, geometry and functionality. They believed that art should be more than just something beautiful but also something useful for society.

The founding members of this movement were all artists who were interested in creating a new form of art. However, they differed from each other in their approach towards art making. One of them believed that art should reflect life while another one believed that art should reflect life through geometric shapes and forms.

What Is De Stijl In Art?

De Stijl movement was a Dutch art movement that was founded by Theo van Doesburg, Piet Mondrian and Theo van Gogh in 1917. The movement aimed to create a new form of art that would be based on geometric principles.

The name De Stijl is derived from the Greek word “style”, which means “a set of rules”. The group’s members believed that they were creating a new method of painting that would bring about an end to the art world’s reliance on symbolism and symbolism.


De Stijl believed that art should be based on mathematics, instead of being based on arbitrary rules. They wanted to create a new form of art that could be applied to almost any subject matter and style.

In order to achieve this goal, De Stijl took inspiration from both cubism and futurism by using simple geometric shapes as well as color theory inspired by Piet Mondrian’s paintings. This new style allowed for greater expression when it came to painting landscapes or still life objects because there were fewer restrictions placed on what could be painted or drawn than before.

Tracing De Stijl’s History

In its early years, De Stijl was both a group and an ideology. The movement was first and foremost an artistic and cultural phenomenon that took shape in the Netherlands between 1917 and 1932.

It originated in the city of Rotterdam, where a group of modern painters formed the Bloemenvereniging (Flower Society) around Piet Mondrian in 1905. In 1907 they organized an exhibition called De Stijl: een tentoonstelling van de nieuwe kunstmotorische vorming binnen de Nederlandse schilderkunst (“De Stijl: An Exhibition of the New Form-Guiding Art within Dutch Painting”).

The idea was to create a new visual language for art – one that could be understood by all viewers, regardless of their education or background. The exhibition featured works by several artists who were members of De Stijl: Mondrian, Theo van Doesburg and Bart van der Leck.

In November 1917 the founders decided to hold their own exhibition in Amsterdam. They chose this city because it was home to many different art movements with which they felt they had something in common: Futurism and Cubism were two examples

Famous De Stijl Works

De Stijl was a Dutch art movement founded in 1917 by Theo van Doesburg and Piet Mondriaan. It is characterized by the use of geometric forms, often in the form of simple lines, in a non-representational art style. The group’s name translates as “The Style of Architecture”.

De Stijl was an avant-garde movement and a predecessor of both European International Modernism and American Abstract Expressionism

The group’s manifesto was published in 1926. It was signed by Theo van Doesburg, Piet Mondriaan, Gerrit Rietveld, Bart van der Leck and Gerrit Berkelaar. The manifesto outlined the goals of De Stijl artists: “to create works that are simple, direct and devoid of all superfluous ornamentation”, with “no concessions” to commercialism or consumerism.

To achieve their goals, De Stijl artists focused on what they called “pure painting” (or abstract art) where they sought to eliminate all elements that were not essential to the work itself – including color, line, form and depth – in order to reveal its essential nature.

Composition A, Piet Mondrian (1923)

Piet Mondrian is one of the most famous 20th century artists. He was born in 1889 and died in 1944. He is known for his abstract paintings that were derived from the strict geometry of the grid, which he developed while working as a postal clerk during World War I.

Mondrian was born in Amersfoort, Netherlands, to Anna Cornelia and Pieter Cornelius Mondriaan. His father was a cork merchant who also worked as a schoolteacher and painter. His mother was an elementary school teacher who ran a boarding house for students who were attending local art academies.

Mondrian’s parents wanted him to become an artist but he wanted to follow in his father’s footsteps and become a teacher. After graduating from high school at age 16, he enrolled at the Royal Academy of Art in The Hague where he studied under Pieter Bruegel II (1528-1569).

In 1912, at age 22, Mondrian traveled to Paris where he studied with French impressionist painter Paul Gauguin (1848-1903).

Composition Vii (The Three Graces), Theo Van Doesburg (1917)

The three Graces were the daughters of Zeus, patron deity of the city of Eleusis in Attica. They were known as daughters of the arts, and they were portrayed as beautiful young women with slender figures and rosy cheeks. They symbolized youth, beauty and charm.

The Graces are depicted in a composition by Theo Van Doesburg (1917), entitled Composition Vii (The Three Graces). The painting is one of his early works and it illustrates his interest in Surrealism at this time.

The painting is made up of three overlapping planes which create an illusion of depth for the eye to follow as it travels across the canvas. The vertical plane represents heaven above; the horizontal plane represents earth below; and between them are represented the three Graces themselves. This vertical plane also serves as a mirror which reflects both heaven above and hell below into each other while looking down on them from above.

Van Doesburg In 1915 – De Stijl Movement Artists

Van Doesburg was one of the most famous architects and designers in Europe. He was also an influential art critic and theorist, who had his own unique way of thinking about art.

His most famous creations were the De Stijl movement – a group of artists who believed that there was no need to create any more art. They wanted to create a new kind of art that could be used in all areas of life; from architecture to furniture design, textiles and interior design.

Van Doesburg’s ideas were not only revolutionary but also controversial at the time; even though they were very successful and popular with many people. In 1915 he published a book called ‘De Stijl’ (The Style), which is still regarded as one of the most important books ever written on architecture and design.

Red And Blue Chair, Gerrit Rietveld (1918-1923)

The red and blue chair is an iconic work by Gerrit Rietveld. It was designed in 1918-1923 and made by the Dutch designer in his workshop in Amsterdam. The chair was designed to be a part of the furniture collection of an exhibition that was organized by Marcel Breuer, who had worked with Rietveld in his early career.

The red and blue chair has been praised as one of Rietveld’s most important works and one of the most influential pieces ever created by him. The design of the chair was based on two main principles: firstly, it has to be comfortable for its user; secondly it should look good regardless of how it is used.

The red and blue chair has been described as both modernist and functionalist, because it incorporates many features that were considered innovative at the time but are still used today such as its curved seat edge, adjustable cushions and removable backrests which allow it to convert into different positions (for example lying down or sitting up).

The design also demonstrates Rietveld’s interest in using negative space in order to create a sense of space within the room (for example by using open shelves instead

Rietveld Schroder House, Gerrit Rietveld (1924)

The Rietveld Schroder House is a house designed by Dutch architect Gerrit Rietveld in 1924. It is located in the Haarlemmermeer district of Amsterdam, Netherlands. The house was commissioned by the German insurance company Rietveld Schroder & Co.,

which had founded a branch office in the city. It was influenced by the work of Adolf Loos and Marcel Breuer, but also took on some aspects of Frank Lloyd Wright’s architecture.

The two-story brick building has an asymmetrical façade with a cantilevered concrete balcony at its front. The interior has a central staircase and spiral staircases in all four corners that lead to smaller rooms on each floor. The house’s design was influenced by Loos’ theories on “organic architecture”, whereby any superfluous structure would be removed from the design so as not to distract from its overall purpose.[1]

De Stijl Architecture

De Stijl Architecture is a Dutch movement that was founded in 1912 by Theo van Doesburg, Piet Mondrian and their associates. Its lasting impact was in the use of primary colors, geometric shapes and primary composition. The group’s name means “The Style of Design.”

De Stijl architects rejected the notion of art for art’s sake, stating that their art should be a means to an end—that is, improving the quality of life. They wanted to create buildings that could improve people’s lives through better lighting, ventilation and other practical applications. In addition to architecture, De Stijl artists were interested in industrial design and sculpture.

The organization was formed by Mondrian (who did not become a member), Van Doesburg, Matisse and others who were interested in creating a new aesthetic for the modern world. Although it was never called an art movement per se, its influence on modern art has been profound.

Examples Of De Stijl

De Stijl is a modernist movement in art and architecture. It was founded in 1917 by Theo van Doesburg, a painter and architect who drew from the principles of Cubism, Futurism and Expressionism to create his own artistic style.

The movement’s first exhibition took place at the Museum Het Nieuwe Museum in Rotterdam in 1918. The exhibition featured more than 300 paintings, sculptures and prints by artists including Piet Mondrian, Gerrit Rietveld, Bart van der Leck and M.C. Escher.

Van Doesburg’s goal was to unite all forms of art under one roof – from painting to sculpture to graphic design and architecture – so that they could be judged as one entity: De Stijl. He hoped this would help define a new era of modern art that could better compete with European trends like Impressionism and Pointillism.

The name “De Stijl” means “the style”.

The Influence Of De Stijl Art

The Dutch De Stijl movement was the first to break away from the neoclassical art style, and started a new trend in art. The movement is considered to be the first modernist art movement.

The influence of De Stijl art can be seen everywhere, from architecture and furniture design to graphic design and fashion.

The Art Nouveau

The Art Nouveau movement was inspired by De Stijl artists, who were also influenced by Japanese art (which is why so many artists of this era were born in Japan).

The Modern Movement

During the late 19th century, there was a shift in Western culture towards realism, which led to the creation of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism. These were two different styles of painting that evolved from each other; Impressionism was a reaction against classical realism while Post-Impressionism was an extension of Impressionism.

Both styles influenced De Stijl artists, who followed suit by creating their own unique styles based on those of the Impressionists and Post-Impressionists.

The Legacy Of De Stijl Art

De Stijl art is a movement that was founded in 1917 by Theo van Doesburg, Gerrit Rietveld and others. The movement’s aim was to create a new art form that would be based on the principles of artistic freedom, simplicity and functionality.

The Legacy Of De Stijl Art

De Stijl art is one of the most influential movements in modern art history. It laid the foundations for abstract expressionism and many other contemporary movements such as constructivism and futurism. In fact, it can be argued that modern art would not exist without this movement.

The Paintings Of De Stijl Art

While the paintings of De Stijl are more often than not seen as being abstract in nature, there are also examples where they are very literal in their content. The paintings featured below show just how versatile these works can be when interpreted differently by different artists.

What Is De Stijl In Art – Wrapping Up

De Stijl was a Dutch art movement that emerged in the early 20th century and influenced later modernist movements. The group was founded by Theo van Doesburg, Piet Mondriaan and others.

Its principle goal was to develop a purer form of expressionism, which they achieved through simplified composition, geometric precision and the use of simple materials such as wood, glass and cardboard.

De Stijl Art Movement was born from a reaction against what was perceived as the chaotic nature of Expressionism. The artists who were involved in this movement believed that painting should be based on rational order and not emotionality because they thought it would be more understandable for the viewer.

They also wanted to eliminate any kind of symbolism or imagery in their work so that it would seem more naturalistic instead.

De Stijl art movement can be seen as an attempt at simplifying art so that it could be more accessible to ordinary people who may not have been able to appreciate fine art before. In addition, their paintings focused on geometric shapes rather than realistic depictions of nature because they believed that this would give viewers more time to think about what they were looking at before engaging with them emotionally.”