Have you ever wondered what the difference between a close-up and a wide shot is? What about a panning shot or an over-the-shoulder shot?

Films are a rich and creative art form that can be enjoyed from the comfort of your own home.

While movies may have been around for over 100 years, there are still some concepts in filmmaking that might not be as well known to the general public.

One such concept is film shots- how they affect the audience, and what different types exist.


What Are Types Of Shots In Filmmaking?

There are many different types of shots in filmmaking and each is used for a specific type of situation.

A long shot, also referred to as a full shot, is typically filmed from far away and shows the entire subject, often including their surroundings.

The close-up shot on the other hand is taken up close with an object or person filling up the frame.

Zoom shots show two different scenes side by side at once; it’s like moving back and forth between frames while watching a video.



Types Of Shots In Film

What are the different types of shots in film? What is the purpose of each and what are some examples of these shots?

The most common types of shots in film are the close-up, the medium shot and the long shot.

Close-ups are typically used to show details on a person’s face or an object up close. To shoot a close-up, you must be at least one foot away from your subject.

Here’s our video guide to the close-up shot:

Medium shots are usually filmed from the waist up and are a good way to capture people interacting with each other in their surroundings.

A long shot is often used to establish where the scene takes place, such as showing buildings or mountains in the background.

Camera Shots

We’ll be discussing the different camera shots that are used in film. We will look at a wide variety of shots, from low angle to high angle, and everything in between.


How do the camera shots in a film affect our emotions?

Most of us don’t think about it, but there are many moments where filmmakers purposefully use camera angles to create an emotional response.

Even though a lot of people think that different camera shots are the same, they can be very different.

The first shot is called an “establishing shot” and it’s used to show the setting where the story takes place. It helps orient viewers in time and space.

A “close-up shot” is when the camera zooms in on one person’s face or object while everything else around them fades away into nothingness.

This type of camera angle gives viewers a sense of what that character feels like at that moment.

A “wide-angle shot” is when you see more than just one thing at once; it’s generally from higher up, which makes things look bigger than they really are (a good way to make something seem important).

Types of Shot Sizes

A camera shot can be described as a “type” of size based on the frame it captures and the focal length. The different types are:

One-Shot cameras capture a wide-angle, larger-than-life image that is sometimes used for landscape shots.

A one-shot camera would be perfect for an action shot from afar, or to see all your friends in one picture.

Two-Shot cameras have a medium focal length and take up more of the subject’s body than just their face. This type of camera might be better suited for portrait photography because it creates depth by shooting with a shallow depth of field (DOF).

Telephoto lenses are great if you need to get closer to something without physically moving there, thus making it ideal for photographing wildlife. 

Types of Camera Shots

There are many different types of camera shots used in film. The most common would be the medium shot, which is a view from chest height to head height, and includes both the actor’s body and face.

While there are many different types of camera shots, some more obscure than others, it is important for filmmakers to know how they all work. That way, filmmakers can make informed decisions on how to best capture footage, given the context within which they’re shooting.


The most common type of shot is the ‘point-of-view’ shot, where the viewer sees what the actorsees. Other common ones include long shots, medium shots, and close-ups.

The purpose behind each type varies greatly:

  • Long Shots – to establish location and context within the scene.
  • Medium Shots – to show emotion and body language from both actors/characters.
  • Close Ups/Cutaways – to emphasise detail and to get more information about what’s happening.

Each shot has its own unique effect and should be used for specific types of scenes or moods.

Camera Shots Focus Types

A camera shot can be described as an image that is taken by a photographer. There are several types of shots, but the two most common ones are close-ups and long shots.

Close-ups focus on one object or person in particular, making them more detailed, while long shots show objects from afar and typically have less detail.

According to Inverse, there are three types of focus that a director can use:

The framing and pacing of these shots changes based on whether the scene is comic, suspenseful or dramatic.

A cinematographer is responsible for the visual style and technical aspects of motion pictures. The camera shots they use in a film can either be wide or close up to tell the story.

Types of Camera Shot Sizes

There are many types of camera shots, and each has its own benefits and drawbacks based on what you want from it.Camera shots can also be categorised by size, which will determine how much space it takes up on screen.

The most common type of camera shot is the establishing shot, which gives a wide view of the surroundings so one becomes aware of where they are. A close-up or medium close-up can be used to show detail on something, like someone’s face, whereas long shots give more general information about what’s going on around them.

An extreme close-up will take up only one corner of the screen and an extreme long shot will fill the whole screen with its subject matter.

Cameras have different size lenses, which determine the type of shot.

For example, a wide-angle lens can capture a lot more than a telephoto lens would be able to. This is because it has a wider  angle of view and therefore captures more information from the site  in front of it.

On the other hand, if you are trying to shoot something far away, like a mountain or skyscraper, then you will need to use a telephoto lens so your camera doesn’t distort what you’re shooting.

There are many types of shots that we see on TV and films every day, but there’s one thing they all have in common: they’ve all been filmed with some type of camera shot!

Camera Shots Angle in Film

When watching a film or TV show, how do you notice the camera shots? You might be able to tell if it’s a close-up shot, medium shot, or wide-angle.

The type of shot determines what we are seeing in the frame and can help us understand what is happening in that scene.

If there is an establishing shot (wide angle), we get a sense of where the location is and who else may be involved in the storyline.

Close-ups give us  more information about one character, while an extreme close-up lets the audience know if the characters  are emotional over something specific.


A camera angle is an important element in film and video as it can change the mood of a scene, provide viewers with information  on what is happening, or reveal emotions that are hard to see from other angles.

Film has an amazing way of bringing a story to life. It’s not just the actors that make the movie, but also the camera shots.

Different angles can make viewers feel emotions like happiness, sadness, anger, or fear.

There are many different angles in film that the director can choose to use. The camera shot angle in film is one of the most important aspects when it comes to filmmaking because it accounts for all of the visuals on screen.

There are three main types of camera shots: low, high, and eye level and they each have their own unique effects on how a viewer perceives what is happening within a scene.

Types of Camera Shot Framing

The first type of camera shot framing is called a “wide” or “full.” This type of framing captures the entire scene.

This type of camera shot allows you to see what’s happening in an environment, and can be used for a variety of purposes such as showing off the scenery or capturing far-away subjects.

So you know those really cool shots where the camera is right in front of the actor and they’re almost close enough to touch? So, how is this  type of shot called and how do you make it happen?

The answer may surprise you because this type of framing – also known as a “close-up shot” – is typically reserved for only high profile actors or people with an important role.

This type of framing can be achieved by using a stationary camera positioned at eye level or by getting physically closer to your subject.

Keep reading if you want to learn more about other types of framing!

The style and composition of a shot depends on the type of camera used. There are four main types of framing:

1. Wide-Angle Lens

The wide-angle lens is typically less than 40mm focal length, and enables the viewer to see more in front and behind them than they normally would with a standard lens. This type of shooting is often used for establishing shots or capturing landscapes.

2. Standard Lens

A standard lens has an approximate focal length between 50mm and 70 mm (35mm film). It’s perfect for close-ups, portraits, or for when you want to capture someone’s expression.

3. Telephoto Lens

A telephoto lens has a longer focal length that starts at around 80mm up to 600+ mm. 

Camera shots are a form of cinematography that captures the action on screen, used to tell a story.  As there are  various  kinds of camera shot framing techniques, it can sometimes be tricky  for newbies to know what they need to use in order to tell their story well.

Step-By-Step Guide to Making a “Shot List”

Making a “shot list” is one of the first steps in planning your filming. A good shot list will help you visualise what you want to capture and can be used as a reference during production.

Making a shot list is one of the most important steps for any project. It’s not just about the cinematography, but also about how you can organise and plan your shots to get the best possible content for every single scene.

In this guide, we’ll show you step-by-step how to make a shot list for every situation, so that you can be on top of things and have more time to focus on other aspects such as lighting, sound, or set design.

Have you ever had to make a shot list for a video? It’s not as easy as it seems. There are many factors that need to be considered when making one, including the type of camera and time frame in which the shoot will take place.

A good shot list is an integral part of any successful film project because it can help organise your thoughts on what shots you want; thereby, saving you both time and money.