The Die Brücke Art Movement was founded in 1905 by a group of German artists who wanted to break away from traditional forms of art.

The movement was named after the bridge over the River Elbe (also known as “Die Brücke”), which connects Dresden and Meissen.

The founders include Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Fritz Bleyl and Erich Heckel. They were all students at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts at the time they formed the group but they later moved to Berlin where they continued their studies at various art schools including the Weimar School of Art and Architecture before eventually settling down there permanently.

Philosophy and Aesthetic

Die Brücke was a movement that began in 1905 and lasted until 1913. It was founded by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Fritz Bleyl and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff in Dresden, Germany.

The name of this group was taken from an old bridge over the river Elbe (which no longer exists) that connected two parts of the city.

The philosophy behind Die Brücke was based on two main principles: firstly, they wanted to break down traditional boundaries between genres; secondly, they believed that art should be accessible to everyone (not just those who could afford it).

In terms of aesthetics, Die Brücke artists were interested in creating paintings which were both figurative and abstract at the same time – something they called “Gegenständlichkeit” or objectivity (you might have heard about this term before!).

They also used vibrant colors and strong lines in their work which helped convey feelings such as joyfulness or sadness depending on what kind of scene you were looking at!

Notable Works

The works of Die Brücke artists are characterized by their use of strong colors, simple lines and geometric shapes.

They also tend to incorporate elements from nature such as trees or rocks into their paintings. The group’s most notable works include:

Emil Nolde’s “The Poet” (1912) – This painting depicts a naked man standing in front of some trees with his arms outstretched towards them, almost as if he were trying to reach for something beyond his grasp.

The bright reds and yellows used in this piece give it an almost otherworldly feel that makes it stand out among other works by Nolde and other artists associated with Die Brücke


The Die Brücke Art Movement has a significant impact on the art world. The movement was founded by artists who wanted to make a change in the way people viewed art, and they did so by creating pieces that were more realistic than what was being produced at the time.

This movement helped pave the way for other modern movements like expressionism and surrealism.


Die Brücke is remembered today for its influence on the development of modern art. The group’s work was a significant step away from traditional academic painting, and it paved the way for Expressionist artists such as Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, who would later become part of Die Brücke itself.

Die Brücke was also influential in its use of photography as an artistic medium; they were among the first artists to use photographs as source material in their paintings and prints.

The movement’s legacy can be seen today in contemporary art movements like Street Art or Photorealism


The Die Brücke Art Movement was a controversial movement. The artists were criticized for their work, which was considered shocking and immoral by some.

However, others praised the artists’ boldness in creating art that challenged traditional values and norms.

Notable Figures

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880-1938) was a German painter and one of the founders of Die Brücke, an influential group of artists. His work was heavily influenced by Expressionism and he is best known for his paintings of Berlin street scenes at night.

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1884-1976) was also one of the founders of Die Brücke, along with Kirchner and Pechstein.

He was born in Rottluff near Chemnitz but moved to Dresden in 1905 where he studied at the Royal Art School until 1908 before moving back home again where he continued his studies at the Academy until 1911 when he moved back to Dresden again after receiving another scholarship from King Frederick Augustus III.


The 1912 Sonderbund Exhibition, which took place in Cologne, Germany, was an important event for the Die Brücke artists. They were able to show their work together and create a stronger sense of unity among themselves.

In 1913 Der Sturm held an exhibition that featured works by Die Brücke artists as well as those of other Expressionists like Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky. This exhibition helped introduce the movement to a wider audience outside of Germany.

The 1914 Berlin Secession Exhibition showcased many pieces by Die Brücke artists including Ernst Ludwig Kirchner’s “The Street” (1910) and Franz Marc’s “Cow with Two Heads” (1911).

Notable Exhibitions

The group’s first exhibition was held in 1913 at the Erster Deutscher Herbstsalon in Dresden, Germany.

Their second and most famous exhibition was held in 1914 at the Berliner Sezession.
The Die Brücke artists were known for their radical style and approach to art, which often included themes of sexuality and violence.

They were also very interested in modern technology, such as photography and cinema; many members of Die Brücke were photographers themselves or worked closely with photographers during this time period (for example, Otto Dix).

Die Brücke – Wrap Up

Die Brücke was an influential art movement that began in Germany in 1905. The artists were united by their desire to break with the past, and they wanted to create a new kind of art that would reflect their experiences as young men growing up during industrialization and urbanization.

The Die Brücke artists rejected traditional methods of painting and sculpture, preferring instead to use bold colors and abstract forms.

They also explored new ways of representing space through distortion and exaggeration, which can be seen in works such as Ernst Ludwig Kirchner’s Street Scene (1909).