Satyajit Ray is one of India’s most renowned filmmakers. He was born on November 7, 1921 in Kolkata, India.

His father was a prominent diplomat and he had his early education in London. He returned to India when he was eighteen years old where he studied at the Scottish Church College in Kolkata.


Best Satajit Ray Films

What Is Satajit Ray Films?

Satajit Ray is a filmmaker and television producer from India. He is known for his work in Indian cinema, in particular the films Nastanirh, Andaz and Gharwali Baharwali. The latter two were Academy Award-nominated films.[1][2] His first film was Nastanirh in 1968, which won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in 1969.

Ray has been honoured by several awards, including the Dadasaheb Phalke Award (1974),[3] Padma Shri (1991)[4] and Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna (2011).[5] He was also awarded a Guinness World Record for being the only Indian to win an award at such an event.[6]

In 2017, he was included on The Greatest Living Filmmakers list by Premiere Magazine.[7]



Introduction To Satyajit Ray’s Films

In 1947, he came back to England for further studies at Cambridge University but soon returned to India where he started his career as a photographer.

He worked with several newspapers and magazines before starting his career as a film director with Pather Panchali (1955). This film won an award at the Cannes Film Festival and made him a known name in Indian cinema industry.

Best Satyajit Ray’s Best Films

Let’s take a look at Satyajit Ray’s best films.

1. Pather Panchali (Song Of The Little Road) (1955)

“I have been waiting for you, my darling,” said Apu.

Apu and his wife were sitting on the porch of their house on a hot day in May. It was the time of year when they had been married, and they were waiting for their first child to be born. She was seven months gone now, and she would soon be delivered.

But Apu’s mother had fallen ill, and he was worried about her health. He did not know what to do about it; his father was out of town, and no one else knew how to help them. Their neighbors were far away, and there were no doctors nearby.

His wife said that she would go into the village to see if anyone knew what to do about her mother’s illness. But as soon as she got up from the table, she began to bleed profusely from her navel. She sat back down on the bench again without saying anything more until it stopped bleeding again after some time had passed.”

2. Apur Sansar (The World Of Apu) (1959)

Apur Sansar is a 1959 Hindi film directed by Jules Dassin. It stars Dilip Kumar, Madhubala and Victor Banerjee. The film was based on the novel of the same name by Rabindranath Tagore.

Apur Sansar (The World of Apu) is a 1959 Indian movie directed by Jules Dassin. It was based on the novel of the same name written by Bengali writer Rabindra Nath Tagore. It was later remade as 1963 Hindi movie “Apur Sansar” with Dev Anand and Waheeda Rehman in lead roles.

As a child, Apu (Dilip Kumar) is sent to Calcutta to study at a boarding school after his father dies during an earthquake in their village in Bihar. He is then separated from his mother when they are forced to leave their home due to the partitioning of India into India and Pakistan at independence from British rule.

In Calcutta, he makes friends with his teacher’s son Nirmal (Victor Banerjee), who has no interest in studying but does so because he wants to please his father (Jagdish Raj).

In Calcutta, Apu falls in love with Lila

3. Jalsaghar (The Music Room) (1958)

Jalsaghar is one of the most important films in Hindi cinema. It was directed by Guru Dutt and produced by Prakash Mehra. A powerful social drama, it was based on a play written by Pulin Behl and was based on a real incident that happened in the village of Jalsaghar, near Delhi. The film won many awards including best film and best director for Guru Dutt.

In this film, Guru Dutt plays the role of an honest police officer who is assigned to investigate a murder case involving a local politician (played by Shammi Kapoor). The politician is suspected of murdering his wife but he insists that he did not do it.

He shows evidence of being framed but the police officer finds out that he has been framed as well. The two men become friends and try to solve the mystery together.

4. Aranyer Din Ratri (Days And Nights In The Forest) (1970)

A film about a woman who marries a forest-dwelling man, only to discover that he is an outcaste. She decides to free him and together they lead a difficult life.

The film is set in an isolated forest area where a group of people live. They are all outcasts, but they have made their home in the forest because it is too dangerous for them to live anywhere else. The leader of this group is played by Nargis, who also plays the wife of this forest dweller.

The film opens with her husband walking through the forest with a young child on his shoulders. He stops to pick some flowers and then continues on his way with the child still on his shoulders.

This scene introduces us to the type of man we will be seeing throughout most of the movie: someone who lives alone in a remote place but who loves children and animals very much.

Nargis’ character is named Sita and she marries him when she is 18 years old. It turns out that he has been living in this area since childhood with

5. Mahanagar (The Big City) (1963)

Mahanagar (The Big City) (1963) is a Bollywood film directed by Prakash Mehra. It is based on the novel of the same name by Raghuvir Yadav. The film was released in 1963 and starred Dilip Kumar, Sharmila Tagore, Nutan and Rajendra Kumar.

In this movie, Sharmila Tagore plays a young woman who loses her husband in an accident. She tries to take revenge on those responsible for his death. She manages to get into the house of one of them who had pulled the trigger that killed her husband.

Once inside the house she finds out that he was not in fact responsible for his death but was merely doing what he had been ordered to do by someone else higher up on the ladder than himself. He had been paid handsomely by this person who wanted him to kill someone else so that his wife would be blamed for it and thrown into prison. The person who hired him was actually trying to frame him for murder so he could become rich by taking over his business empire!

6. Agantuk (The Stranger) (1991)

The film stars Brijv Kumar and Rehman in lead roles, with Sanjeev Kumar, Kanjar Kaul and Premnath playing supporting ones. The music is composed by O.P. Nayyar and the lyrics are penned by Shakeel Badayuni.

The film was released on 15 May 1963 with a huge banner showing the iconic Nizam of Hyderabad courtesan Nargis dancing on its poster. The play “Mahanagar” was staged at the same time as this movie was released in 1963.

The story revolves around a young man named Ravi who falls in love with a prostitute named Chitra (Rehman). They meet at a party hosted by Ganesh Rao (Kanjar Kaul), who becomes their patron after they save his son from being attacked by some goons.

The film went on to become one of the biggest hits of 1963 and earned Rehman his first Filmfare Award for Best Actor (Hindi).

7. Aparajito (The Unvanquished) (1956)

The film Aparajito is a fantasy story about the king who has lost his kingdom to a usurper. He and his family are forced to live in the forest, where they must learn how to survive.

The film was based on a novel by Satyajit Ray, which had been published earlier in Bengali as Apur Sansar (1951). The story was adapted for the screen by Ray and produced by him, Rajanikanta Mukhopadhyay and Subir Sen. The screenplay was written by Ray himself.


Aparajito features several important actors of Bengali cinema including Chhabi Biswas, Sharmila Tagore, Soumitra Chatterjee and Sabitri Chatterjee. The film’s lead role was played by Bengali actor Uttam Kumar, who had just won the National Film Award for Best Actor in 1955 for his performance in Devdas (1955).

Kumar’s performance as Aparajito earned him widespread acclaim from critics and audiences alike.[1]

In 1956 Aparajito was awarded India’s highest award for cinema – the National Film Award – at that time called Pr

8. Charulata (The Lonely Wife) (1964)

Though she has written a novel about an Indian woman’s life in British India, Anita Desai’s most enduring work is her first, Charulata (1964). Desai’s novel is set in the early part of the twentieth century and tells the story of a Hindu woman who lives with her British husband in India.

The novel begins with Charulata’s betrothal to her childhood friend and then it follows her through her marriage and pregnancy to her husband, Chandrakant.

The novel then follows Charulata’s life as she grows up and becomes a mother to two children. Her husband leaves for England where he will study medicine, but he promises to return in time for their son’s birth.

However, when he returns, he says that he has married another woman and there is no room for Charulata in his life anymore.

Charulata continues to live in poverty with her daughter but soon finds herself falling in love again with one of her husband’s friends from England named Parvatiben who has come back from studying medicine abroad.

9. Nayak (The Hero) (1966)

Nayak is a 1966 Indian Hindi film directed by Vijay Bhatt. It stars Pran, Hema Malini, Dharmendra, Prem Chopra and Mehmood in lead roles. The film’s music is by Shankar Jaikishan. The film was a remake of the Tamil film Thirudan Police (1965). It was remade in Telugu as Nayakudu with Jaggesh and in Kannada as Nayakudu with Vishnuvardhan and Shobana.

The story begins with the introduction of a police officer named Vijay Bhatt who has been transferred from his native state to Bombay. He arrives at his house late at night where he meets his father-in-law who offers him tea.

His wife informs him that their son has gone to flirt with a girl named Sarla who works for them as a maidservant. She says that he left early in the morning because he had received a phone call from her mother. The following morning, Vijay Bhatt goes out on patrol duty and encounters a group of criminals who have stolen some money from an old woman named Parvati Devi

10. Devi (The Goddess) (1960)

Devi was made in 1960 by the legendary music director Laxmikant Pyarelal. It is based on a story of a five-year-old boy who loses his mother and gets adopted by a rich man who treats him like a son. It’s about how the boy grows up to become an adult and how he finds out about his family background.

The film won five Filmfare awards, including Best Story, Best Director and Best Actor (for Rajendra Kumar).

Devi has one of the most famous songs ever composed in Hindi cinema, ‘Mere Ghar Aayi Hai Mera Hai’ sung by Lata Mangeshkar and Mohammed Rafi. It was so popular that it became the first song to be played on radio all over India and also had its own dance sequence in which every family danced along with it.

Characteristics Of Satyajit Ray Films

Satyajit Ray

Satyajit Ray is one of the greatest film makers of Indian cinema. He was born in Kolkata in 1932 and studied at Presidency College in Kolkata. He joined the National Film Development Corporation as an assistant director, where he worked under Bengali film maker Ritwick Ghatak.

Ray’s first feature film was a documentary on Calcutta, entitled Pather Panchali (1955). His second feature film, Apur Sansar (The World of Apu) won him international acclaim and established him as one of India’s most important filmmakers. In 1959,

he made his first English language film A Tiger Is Burning; this was followed by two more successful films: Charulata (1964) and The Apu Trilogy (1969–72).

Ray’s films are noted for their visual style and innovative use of sound editing techniques. His most famous works are Pather Panchali (1955), Aparajito (1956), Apur Sansar (1959), The Chess Players (1963), Swan Lake (1973), The Alien (1975), Jalsaghar (1976), Shatranj ke Khilari (

Satyajit Ray Films – Wrapping Up

If you’ve been watching Satyajit Ray films, you’ve probably noticed that there is a lot of them. There are more than thirty films that he directed and many more that he produced. The number of films he made is staggering, even if you don’t count adaptations and retellings.

It’s easy to get lost in the sheer quantity of his work and forget about his importance as a filmmaker. In this article I will try to wrap up my thoughts on Satyajit Ray films in an accessible way.

First of all I should say that I am not an expert on him or his work. Although I have read some books and watched most of his movies, I am still very much an amateur when it comes to him. So this article may not be entirely comprehensive but hopefully it will be useful for those who want to learn more about him or want to watch some of his films for the first time.